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The Marasesti Mausoleum

The Marasesti Mausoleum


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The Marasesti Mausoleum is an elaborate World War I monument dedicated to the Romanian troops who died in a famous battle with German forces. Completed in 1938, this impressive monument took over 15 years to finish.

The Battle of Marasesti was fought between 6 August and 8 September 1917 and despite being a major Romanian victory, did result in a very high death toll. The names of those who died are shown on the Marasesti Mausoleum. The battle is famous for the Romanian sentiment of “Pe aici nu se trece”, meaning “they shall not pass”.

The Marasesti Mausoleum history

The mausoleum was built right on the battlefield of the Battle of Maraseti during which over 21,000 Romanian soldiers lost their lives.

Romanian entered World War One with the Entente coalition in 1916. The Battle of Maraseti lasted 29 days, involving 25 infantry divisions, 2 cavalry divisions and a cavalry brigade. It is recognised as one of the most significant victories obtained by the Entente forces in 1917.

The initiative to build a mausoleum in Marasesti was taken at the Congress of the National Orthodox Society of Women in Romania held in 1919, attended by representatives of this organization from all over Romania.

The proposal to build a Mausoleum in Marasesti was submitted to King Ferdinand and the government led by Ion IC Bratianu. A committee was formed to make the project a reality. The winning proposal came from architects Constantin Pomponiu and George Cristinel.

The laying of the foundation stone took place August 6, 1923 in a ceremony attended by many personalities of the time and Romanians from all historical provinces of the country.

In 1924, the burial of the bones of the soldiers in the crypts of the mausoleum began (5,000 heroes were reburied), and in the autumn of the same year, the remains of General Eremia Grigorescu were deposited in the central sarcophagus.

The inauguration of the Mausoleum took place on September 18, 1938, in the presence of King Charles II and many officials.

The mausoleum has been restored several times in response to damage caused by earthquakes and bad weather.

The Marasesti Mausoleum today

The Mausoleum is sometimes referred to as the “Church of the Nation” is 22 metres tall and is framed by several terraces arranged symmetrically on a length of 60 meters. Above it guards a cross over 3 meters high, supported on a pedestal framed by four eagles. The dome of Gloria was decorated with a frieze carved in stone by the sculptors Ion Jalea and Corneliu Medrea, which depict aspects from the battles of the summer of 1917.

In 2009, new works of consolidation and restoration of the Mausoleum were started. The monument can be visited throughout the entire year between 9.00 and 17.00.

Getting to the Marasesti Mausoleum

The nearest train station to the monument is Marasesti Rail Station. There are regular minibuses through which the town is connected with Focsani, Tecuci and Adjud.


Romania celebrates 100 years since the WWI battle of Marasesti

More than 4,000 people attended on Sunday evening, August 6, the ceremony marking 100 years since the battle of Marasesti, which was a turning point for the Romanian army in the World War I.

President Klaus Iohannis, Prime Minister Mihai Tudose and other officials also attended the ceremony. They laid wreaths at the Mausoleum of Marasesti, which is the memorial site dedicated to the commemoration of the battle of Marasesti and the Romanian soldiers killed during World War I.

“The historic triumph of Marasesti, together with the victories in Marasti and Oituz, have given us the dignity of existing as a nation, renewing the hope in the Great Union. Today, 100 years after those moments, the most gracious gratitude we can show for the sacrifice of the heroes is to take the responsibility of building a Romania that is strong and confident in its course,” President Klaus Iohannis wrote on his Facebook page.

Liviu Dragnea, the head of the Chamber of Deputies and the president of the ruling Social Democratic Party (PSD) also attended the ceremony, alongside Senate head and ALDE president Calin Popescu Tariceanu, National Liberal Party (PNL) president Ludovic Orban, and several ministers.

President Iohannis and other officials also held speeches during the commemorating event, and visited the Mausoleum, reports local News.ro.

The battle of Marasesti was the last major battle between the German Empire and the Kingdom of Romania on the Romanian front during the World War I, and kept the northeastern region of the country free from German occupation.


Romanian Monasteries - Travel Romania

Among the most important monuments in Europe, The First World War Heros Mausoleum from Marasesti distinguishes itself as well. It is a monument built in the memory of those who fought during The First World War, when, although inferior numerically to the German troops, the Romanian army succeeded in blocking the German attack. 480 Romanian military officers and more than 21000 Romanian soldiers paid the ultimate price for this victory. The soldiers that died that day were buried in landowner Ulise Negropontes’ vineyards, and later, in 1924, they were inhumed again in the crypts of the future monument, under Queen Maria’s watch. 5073 soldiers and military officers are buried in 163 crypts (154 individual crypts and 9 common crypts), crypts that are situated in 18 corridors.

Built between 1923 and 1938, 35 km away from Focsani, the majestic mausoleum was realized according to the architects George Cristinel’s and Constantin Pomponiu’s plans (they were the winners of the projects competition and were offered gold in the value of 400000 lei) and at 18th September, 1938, the mausoleum was officially inaugurated. With this occasion, a jubilee medal was sent forth, medal that had a diameter of 60mm, carved in three different ways: gold, silver and bronze and on the reverse side, in the middle, one may see the Hero’s Mausoleum from Marasesti.

“ Pe aici nu se trece” (“This way one shall not pass!”) said then general Eremia Grigorescu, the commandant of the Romanian First Army. As a sign of gratitude, he received afterwards the most important decorations and a samurai sword, on which the words: “ This way one shall not pass!” were carved.

The building of the mausoleum was moved off at 28th September 1924, in the presence of many personalities of that time (Queen Maria and others) and was resumed 12 years later in 1936. The bas-reliefs from the Glory Dome were realized by Cornel Medrea and Ion Jalea and reveal various moments of the war from Marasesti, the inner painting being done by Eduard Saulescu.

Few know that, at the beginning, the mausoleum was supposed to be a Church of the Nation, the working being canceled because of the lack of money. Everything started after the Union in 1918 when, the Princess Alexandra Grigore Cantacuzino , IPPS Pimen and the Metropolitan of Moldavia and Suceava decided that a Church of the Nation should be built there, in the exact spot where so many heroes had given their life during the war. The same year, this idea was dropped off and the subscription lists were released, the mausoleum being built through the public subscription. Having a patriotic spirit, Ulise Negropontes himself donated money for the building of the mausoleum (20 hectares of native vineyards and gold in the value of 50000lei).

It is said that The Mausoleum from Marasesti caught even Adolph Hitler’s attention, because he asked marshal Antonescu to send at Marasesti two anti-aircraft subunits to defend the monument, while Prahova Valley was attacked by the allies’ aircraft and Moldavia was threatened as well.

Technical notes:

The Mausoleum from Marasesti is a massive building in the shape of a pyramid, the stairs having an irregular octagonal form. The base area is 1600 square meters. The superior side is round, almost like a tower, and it’s 30 meters tall.

The touristic potential is over 50000 visitors per year, the visiting programme starts at 9 am and ends at 7pm, daily.

The mausoleum is situated in Vrancea District, the access towards it is possible by following the road DN2 Bucharest-Focsani-Suceava.


Description

From: Bucharest, Monuments, Muntenia

Alongside the Coronation Cathedral in Alba Iulia, The Marasesti Mausoleum and a few other important Romanian monuments, the Triumphal Arch is among the distinguished monuments of the Romanian nation which attest to Romania’s participation in World War I, on the side of the Allied Powers as with other monuments in Bucharest, the Triumphal Arch was built following the proclamation of the Union.

HISTORY OF THE TRIUMPHAL ARCH

Initially built in 1922, out of wood and stucco, it was restored, and the new construction was made of stone. This event took place over two years, 1935 and 1936, and is the work of the architect Antonescu Petre.

The same Antonescu Petre built it in 1922, to commemorate the elevation of Ferdinand I and Marie to king and queen of Romania. Because the time allotted for the building of the commemorative construction was short, a compromise was reached: only the core of the monument was made of reinforced concrete, while the exterior finish was made of stucco (plaster mixed with glue). Over time, the Triumphant Arch deteriorated, corresponding less and less with the Little Paris image held by the Bucharest of the inter-war period, which was representative of the time.

As a result, many voices asked that the monument be demolished. However, demolishing the monument would have made the event it commemorated less representative, so the best solution was to restore it and replace the exterior façade with elements made of Ruschita marble, stone and bronze.

The financial contributors to the new façade of the Triumphant Arch were numerous associations and combatants who fought in World War I. Over 7 million lei were needed from these contributors, so that on December 1 st 1936, exactly 18 years after the union of Transylvania with Romania, this momentous event could be commemorated, and the new Triumphant Arch could be inaugurated. King Carol II and his mother, Queen Marie, and the heir Prince Michael, as well as members of the Romanian Government and numerous national and international esteemed guests were present at the event.

The elements of the new monument façade are the two bronze medallions on the southern face, representing the faces of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie (the two medallions abandoned the façade of the Triumphant Arch for a time, during the communist regime, and were replaced by large bronze flowers in 1989, the medallions bearing the images of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie retook their place). Above every portrait there is an embossed image of a Romanian Victory, works of the artists Baraschi and Constantinescu. C. Baraschi is also the author of two sculptures on the northern face of the monument, called “Bravery” and “Faith”.

The lateral sides contain proclamations by King Ferdinand to the Romanian people, from the time when the country participated in the War, as well as the coronation proclamation of Alba Iulia.

HOW TO GET TO THE TRIUMPHANT ARCH?

The Triumphant Arch is located in Bucharest’s District 1, on Kiseleff Road.

It is open to visitors during various important events taking place in Bucharest every year: Army Days, Aviators’ Days, Bucharest’s Days. Inside, it hosts 4 interesting exhibits:


10 Stunning Monuments & Memorials Dedicated to Real Heroes

Be it war monuments or those dedicated to peace, memorials stand out from other structures man have built because of their unique and stunning appearance. With so much history behind one, standing in front of a gigantic memorial can be very awe inspiring as these masterworks of art and engineering are dedicated to those who fought and died for a better future. From all over the world, here are ten of the most impressive monuments dedicated to heroes.


Located in Romania, the Marasesti Heroes Mausoleum was built to commemorate those who died for freedom, during the Battle of Marasesti in the summer of 1917. The impressive construction stands on the grounds of the battle where Romanian troops lost over 24,000 men including 610 officers and managed to defeat the Germans. Six thousands soldiers, identified or not, have been buried in crypts or common tombs inside the mausoleum along with flags, arms, guns, projectiles and many other trophies used during the battle.

No visit to Ankara would be complete without seeing the Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Mausoleum. He was an army officer with great military capabilities, a revolutionary and the first President of Turkey. During the Turkish Independence War, he successfully led his soldiers to achieve the country&rsquos liberation and most people consider him, the father of modern Turkey. The Mausoleum is a notable example of modern Turkish architecture with its three female and three male sculpted figures representing the transition from Ottoman traditionalism to modernity. His remains along with displays from his life, furniture and uniforms are available inside.

Located in the Heroes of the Ghetto Square in Warsaw, the monument (Pomnik Bohater Getta) was unveiled 5 years after the Jewish Ghetto Uprising. It was the largest Jewish Ghetto established in Warsaw during the city&rsquos German Occupation in World War II, that started the first urban mass rebellion against the Nazis who wanted to deport them to extermination camps. Though they lived in appalling, over-crowded conditions that lead to diseases or starvation, these people fought against death and showed that they can be free. On the front there are young fighters running away from the burning ghetto, an injured man with a home-made grenade and a young woman who carries a gun, while the back of the monument is a little more touching with old people, women and children being taken to an extermination camp.

Nelson&rsquos Column is located in Trafalgar Square, London, and was designed by architect William Railton in 1838. It&rsquos an 18 feet sculpted statue standing on a 184 feet granite column and facing south, towards the Palace of Westminster. A great leader with a strong personality that always loved risk and had a courage close to madness, Horatio Nelson is a British Admiral famous for winning the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805 against the French-Spanish fleet. Military specialists considered it to be the biggest Royal British Marine victory of all times.

Dedicated to those who made the ultimate sacrifice to help build the foundation for a peaceful Japan, the Yasukuni Shrine was founded in 1869 and contains in the Book of Souls more than 2.5 million spirits (maki). It&rsquos always been a controversy subject because more than one thousand people enshrined have been found guilty for war crimes while 14 of them were convicted as Class-A war criminals. Nevertheless the Yasukuni Shrine has a deep relationship with the Japanese imperial family which attends twice a year, during spring and autumn, major rituals where offerings from His Majesty the Emperor are dedicated to the &ldquospirits&rdquo. Just next to the Shrine there&rsquos a museum commemorating Japan&rsquos wars, which shouldn&rsquot be missed if you stop by.

It was the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division that was charged with taking Mametz Wood during the bloody Battle of the Somme on July 7, 1916. After five long days they managed to clear the woods of Germans, which cost them 4,000 deaths and casualties. This is how the 38th (Welsh) Division Memorial erected, with a defiant dragon (the Red Dragon of Wales was the division&rsquos insignia) standing on a 10 feet plinth, facing the woods with the regimental cap badge of the South Wales Borderers carved on one side of the base.

The centerpiece in Manhattan&rsquos Grand Army Plaza, in New York City is a truly imposing gilded-bronze equestrian statue of the United States&rsquo best known general, William Tecumseh Sherman on a horse. He fought during the California as well as in the Mexican War, and distinguished himself in the Vicksburg and Chattanooga campaigns of 1863. Built in 1903, the elegant and dignifying Sherman Monument is the work of master sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens who also did the allegorical figure of peace who&rsquos leading Sherman, after his mistress, Davida Johnson.

The Marine Corps War Memorial is located near the Arlington National Cemetery in Rosslyn, Virginia. Made of bronze and based on a photo of the Battle of Iwo Jima, it was dedicated to all personnel of the Marine Corps who died defending the country from 1775 onward. The monument features 6 marines (32 feet tall) sticking a US flag into the grounds, standing on a granite base where stays written &ldquoIn honor and memory of the men of the United States Marine Corps who have given their lives to their country since 10 November 1775&rdquo.

People&rsquos Heroes Monument in Beijing is a ten-story obelisk located to the north of Mao Zedong&rsquos mausoleum on the southern edge of Tiananmen Square. Designed by architect Liang Sicheng, the imposing marble and granite monument commemorates all those who lost their lives during the 19th and 20th centuries revolutions. The eight huge bas-relieves carved into white marble, cover the most important revolutionary episodes of the Chinese struggle, on the pedestal of the tablet.

The Kruty Heroes Memorial is a 33 feet red column on a 23 high hill which commemorates the young university students who died fighting for the Independence of Ukraine, at the Battle of Kruty trying to delay the Bolshevik Red Army from invading the city. The events of the resistance to the Bolshevik army were hushed up in Soviet history and Ukrainians were forced to ignore them for many years. However, in August 2006, the memorial was dedicated.


The word mausoleum derives from the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus (near modern-day Bodrum in Turkey), the grave of King Mausolus, the Persian satrap of Caria, whose large tomb was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. [1]

Historically, mausolea were, and still may be, large and impressive constructions for a deceased leader or other person of importance. However, smaller mausolea soon became popular with the gentry and nobility in many countries. In the Roman Empire, these were often in necropoles or along roadsides: the via Appia Antica retains the ruins of many private mausolea for kilometres outside Rome. When Christianity became dominant, mausolea were out of use. [2]

Later, mausolea became particularly popular in Europe and its colonies during the early modern and modern periods. A single mausoleum may be permanently sealed. A mausoleum encloses a burial chamber either wholly above ground or within a burial vault below the superstructure. This contains the body or bodies, probably within sarcophagi or interment niches. Modern mausolea may also act as columbaria (a type of mausoleum for cremated remains) with additional cinerary urn niches. Mausolea may be located in a cemetery, a churchyard or on private land.

In the United States, the term may be used for a burial vault below a larger facility, such as a church. The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, California, for example, has 6,000 sepulchral and cinerary urn spaces for interments in the lower level of the building. It is known as the "crypt mausoleum". In Europe, these underground vaults are sometimes called crypts or catacombs.


Calatorind prin tara, Romania prin ochi de turist.

Este timpul pentru o mica lectie de istorie. Nu este exact subiectul meu preferat, dar ceea ce va prezint astazi necesita o privire in trecut… Astfel va spun bine ati venit in judetul Vrancea, unde va asteapta Mausoleul de la Marasesti, monument ridicat in cinstea eroilor din primul razboi mondial (construit 1923 – 1938).

Ce s-a intamplat aici?

„In timpul Primului Razboi Mondial, dupa pierderea Bataliei pentru Bucuresti, guvernul si armata romana, alaturi de o parte a populatiei, s-au retras in Moldova. In acel moment, statul roman exista doar in limita granitelor acestei provincii istorice.

Conform intelegerii dintre germani si austro-ungari, daca armatele romane erau invinse, intreg teritoriul romanesc urma sa fie anexat de Austro-Ungaria, ducand la dizolvarea Romaniei ca stat.

Pe intreaga perioada a confruntarilor cu Puterile Centrale, Romania a pierdut 250.000 de soldati si 430.000 de civili, suma insumand aproape 10% din populatia tarii.
Sacrificiul acestora a insemnat pastrarea independentei si suveranitatii tarii si a castigat prin sange dreptul prin care teritoriile locuite de romani erau alipite tarii mama in anul 1918. ” sursa

„Pe aici nu se trece!” Expresie care a devenit legenda in istoria Romaniei datorita eroilor ce au refuzat sa se retraga in fata fortelor inamice. Grigore Ignat, Ecaterina Teodoroiu si multi multi altii si-au dat viata pentru libertatea tarii noastre.

Pe langa superbul mausoleu ce se poate vizita, tot aici mai gasim si un mic muzeu al luptelor de la Marasesti. Picturi reprezentand diverse lupte ne plimba prin istorie din vremurile lui Decebal si Traian pana in timpul primului razboi mondial. O colectie de arme, fotografii, echipament de razboi, drapeluri si multe altele ne spun povestea luptelor din 1917. Un loc superb, informativ si foarte important pentru orice roman in viata astazi.

Today it is time for a small history lession. It’s not exactly my favorite subject, bu what i will show you today, needs a glance to the past… Thus i welcome you to Vrancea District, where a huge Mausoleum awayts you at Marasesti, dedicated to the heroes of the first world war. (built 1923-1938)

” During the first world war, after losing the battle for Bucharest, the gouverment and the romanian army, along with a big part of the population withdrew to Moldova. In that moment, the Romanian state existed only within the limit of Moldova’s borders.

Acording to the pact between the germans and the Austrian-Hungarian empire, if the romanian forces were defeated, the whole romanian teritory would be taken over by the empire, and Romania would be disbaned as a state.

During the whole confrontation with the central Powers, Romania lost 250.000 soldiers and 430.000 civilians, suming up to around 10% of the population.
Their sacrifice gained the independence of Romania and won by blood the teritories that were lost in the past.” source

„You shall not pass!” Expression that became legend in Romanian history thanks to the heroes who refused to back down in front of enemy forces. Grigore Ignat, Ecaterina Teodoroiu and many many more gave their lives for the freedom of our country.

Next to the superb mausoleum there is also a small museum dedicated to the fights at Marasesti. Paintings that represend different fights take us on a stroll through history from the time of Decebal and Traian all the way to the first world war. A colection of weapons, photos, war equipment, flags and more tell us the story of the battles that took place in 1917. An amazing place, informative and very important for any romanian living today.


On the Marasesti front, where the “Do not pass this!” Guiding idea became history, the roots of a project of great significance for the Romanian collective memory and consciousness last year were: The National Memory Park “Oak trees of Romania – 100 Years of History and dignity “RoMândria.

This volunteer project continues in the Year of the Centenary of the Great Union, with the second planting campaign, which will take place on Saturday, April 21, 2018, at 10.00 on the former World War I battle front in Marasesti, Vrancea County. This spring will be planted 112,500 oak saplings on an area of ​​25 hectares.

The first planting campaign, which took place on 18 November 2017, was attended by about 8,000 volunteers who planted in just three hours 50,000 oak seedlings on a hectare of 10 hectares, demonstrating an extraordinary mobilization .

From the desire to honor the memory of the soldiers fallen on World War I battlefields, the idea of ​​planting an oak forest on a 75-hectare area, in the form of a park open to the public, near the Marasesti Mausoleum, was born. Every hero fallen during the First World War, who sacrificed his life for the Great Union in 1918, will be symbolically represented by one of the 350,000 oaks that will form the National Memorial Park. The project is phased by the end of this year, when Romania celebrates the Centenary of the Grand Union.

The Vrancea County Council is the coordinator of the campaign “RoMândria – Oak trees of Romania- National Memorial Park – 100 Years of History and Dignity”, along with Antena 3 TV channel – initiator partner and Ministry of National Defense (MAPN), National Forest Administration – Romsilva, National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Drăcea”, as partners.


Romania: EU dreams, but prostitution and poverty reality

EU enlargement has undoubtedly brought many advantages to the countries that recently took up membership. But in some nations there still seems to be a long way to go before visible benefits are seen where it really matters—in the daily reality of people’s lives. The Marasesti Mausoleum stands on Main Artery Road 2, Vrancea County, Romania, EU. The building comprises 154 crypts and common graves, in which over 5,000 soldiers and Romanian officers who fell during the first world war sleep for eternity. Right opposite the Mausoleum is a car park, ostensibly for visitors to the building. During the day, the car park becomes an ad-hoc car wash, with or without the consent of the owners. By night, the area is transformed into a paradise for pimps, prostitutes and truck drivers. The authorities seem powerless to intervene. And although many local residents display profound respect for the monument dedicated to national heroes, poverty has long since degraded the purpose and dignity of the Mausoleum.

Vasile: 400,000 Lei and a packet of cigarettes

Vasile is 37, and he supports his two children by washing the cars of tourists who stop to visit the Marasesti Heroes Mausoleum. There are another ten to fifteen men like him who have chosen this 'vocation'. There is no alternative. The town and the authorities are unable to provide them with a decent job. For Vasile and his colleagues, European Union integration has yet to bring them anything of substance. He speaks of how, in recent years, all the factories in the town have closed down and why he has no other alternative.

'There used to be three factories and they all did well under communism. Everybody from around here worked there. Now, in summer we do day-rate work in the fields but in winter, look how it is. We wash cars because there’s nothing else to do. It is better for us to earn a living near where we live than to go abroad and come back in a body bag.' During the summer he works by day for a fixed sum—'400,000 Lei and a packet of cigarettes”. For a couple of years now, more foreigners have been stopping off at the Mausoleum and a few euros have been coming his way, so ad hoc car washing is doing relatively well. But while Vasile is grateful for anything that comes his way, he is far from impressed. 'Yeah, big deal! They do give 2-3 euros but we don’t have anywhere to change them because there’s not one of those money changing places round here.' His face aged from the sun, Vasile wears rubber boots and his clothes are worn but clean. He continually apologises for how he looks: 'I can’t dress any other way because that’s our work. We carry water, we get wet and we get dirty from the filth on the cars. Now please excuse us.'

'We will stay as poor as we are with or without the EU' - Vasile

Each day, together with his friends, Vasile watches the cars parked opposite the Marasesti Mausoleum, and washes them when their owners are absent. Sometimes they receive nothing for their efforts. 'What can we do, for God’s sake? We do not steal from the cars, we only wash them. We wash them really well, with a chamois leather, and look at how nice they are after we’ve finished,' he insists pointing to a car in the car park. And although Vasile doesn’t think much about the town he lives in he is proud that in 2008 the mayor installed streetlights, and that he now has electricity in his home for the children. 'We are lucky that with this social assistance, we are able to get by.' But he is sceptical about EU assistance. 'What? European Funds? If I haven’t got any money in my pockets, how can I know what it is. Anyway, it doesn’t interest me because we will stay as poor as we are with or without the EU.'

Gypsies and AIDS

Vasile is not, by a long way, the poorest inhabitant of Vrancea County. He even considers himself to be a happy man, bearing in mind that, he claims, many of the inhabitants of this town have AIDS. 'Half are gypsies and a quarter have AIDS. We are a disadvantaged area and receive more money from the state because of this but it still doesn’t help. Poverty reigns. There is nothing we can do!' He complains, but still has dignity in his voice. He seems controlled, but resigned to this daily grind. He is not trying to encourage people to feel pity for him he is simply presenting life as he experiences it day after day after day.

But there is a brighter side to Marasesti. Another local man has worked at the Mausoleum for seventeen years as an administrator. He is tired of his job, but is happy that something is being done for the monument. 'Now, we will get money for renovation. European Funds. 10 million euros (8 million pounds) have been allocated for four mausoleums and work will commence on this one as well,' he says happily. Pictures above the crypts have fallen off the walls due to rain. Beneath these crumbling walls lie the bones of general Eremia Grigorescu, commander of the 1st Army at the time of the fight of the Marasesti. However, there are grounds for optimism. 'The roof has been repaired, but water is still coming in. But now it will be completely re-done. We know what colours the original pictures were exactly. It is not such a big problem and now if funds are forthcoming, we can repair everything,' he continues.

Nevertheless, like everyone else, he is unhappy about what happens in the area at night when pimps and prostitutes operate with impunity. Mausoleum administrators have decided to no longer switch on the lights around the monument as they are desperately concerned about these nightly activities. 'Can you see the closed doors? They jump over the gates and hide in the nearest hedge when night starts to fall. Either that or they stay there from 6pm and sell women. No-one can do anything to them. We don’t turn the lights on much anymore in the hope that they will not loiter here. It’s hopeless though,' maintains the man, with regret in his voice.

Funding overdue renovation

There is still deep scepticism as to exactly how much real long term impact EU membership will have on the daily lives of people in Vrancea County

The Marasesti Mausoleum is hardly promoted at all by the Vrancea County authorities, despite its historical significance. Once it is said to have been held in such great respect that when allied planes were bombing the adjacent Prahova Valley, Adolf Hitler himself asked for two anti-aircraft batteries to be dispatched to Marasesti to defend the Mausoleum. That, of course, is history. The Mausoleum was finished in 1938, but has never been renovated since. This is due to change this year, when the first funds arrive from the European Union. For many people in Marasesti, they cannot arrive quickly enough, but there is still deep scepticism as to exactly how much real long term impact EU membership will have on the daily lives of people in Vrancea County.

This is the full translated version of the original article by the winner of the European Young Journalist of Romania 2008


UNITED STATES

Liberty Tower at the National World War I Museum and Memorial in Kansas City, Missouri. (Sean Pavone / iStock)

This towering monument in Kansas City is the national World War I memorial of the United States. Dedicated by President Calvin Coolidge on November 11, 1926, it was designed in Egyptian Revival style by Harold Van Buren Magonigle, who won the commission in a competition set up by the American Institute of Architects.

The site's centerpiece is the 217 ft. Memorial Tower. Its four figures represent courage, honor, sacrifice and patriotism. At night, a jet of steam illuminated by orange light emanates from the tower, giving the appearance of a burning pyre. The Great Frieze wall depicts the transition from war to peace, while another memorial wall features bronze busts of five Allied leaders present at the dedication of the memorial.

The memorial's accompanying museum, which opened in 2006, is one of the finest centers of World War I research in the United States. In addition to extensive displays of documents and photographs, exhibits include a Renault FY-17 tank, replica trenches, Paul von Hindenburg's field jacket and propaganda posters.


Watch the video: World War I Mausoleum of Marasesti. Romania. 4K (May 2022).