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Truant PYc-14 - History

Truant PYc-14 - History

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(PYc-14: dp. 395; 1. 138'; b. 17'4"; dr. 6'7"; s. 10 k.;
a. 2 3")

In the years following the outbreak of World War II in Europe, during which international tension also worsened in the Far East, the United States Navy augmented the Fleet to meet the growing threat. It also sought yachts, trawlers, and other suitable ships in which to train the officers and men needed by newly constructed warships.

On 3 July 1941, as a part of the latter program, the Navy chartered, on a bare boat basis, Truant, a steelhulled steam yacht built in 1892 at Bristol, R.I., by the Herreshoff Manufacturing Co. Henry Ford had purchased the ship in 1938 and had her extensively refitted. When he offered the yacht for the duration of the emergency, the Navy agreed to his request that she be allowed to retain her name during her Navy service. The ship was classified a coastal yacht and designated PYc-14, assigned to the 9th Naval District on 11 July, and commissioned on 16 July 1941 at the Great Lakes Naval Training Station, Ill., Lt. Charles G. Campbell, USNR, in command.

Truant plied the waters of Lake Michigan on training cruises until mid September, then headed for Dearborn Mich., where she arrived on 20 September 1941. She remained there in winter quarters near the Ford Motor Company plant until the early spring of 1942, when she resumed her training cruises. On board this slim, graceful craft, officers and men of the growing and expanding Navy received schooling in basic gunnery and seamanship, which prepared them to serve on fighting ships in the war zones of the Pacific, the Atlantic, and the Mediterranean. With the onset of winter in 1942, she again tied up at her "winter quarters" at the Ford Motor Company plant at South Chicago, Ill., for the cold months and remained there into the spring of 1943.

The yacht then engaged in training exercises and maneuvers in Lake Michigan into November. On 17 November 1943, Truant was decommissioned at the Ford Motor Company plant at Dearborn and returned to her owner. On 6 December 1943, her name was struck from the Navy list.

HMCo #172p Truant

Name: Truant
Later Name(s): PYc-14 (1941-1943)
Type: Steam Yacht
Designed by: NGH
Contract: 1892-2-6
Launch: 1892-8-24
Construction: Steel
LOA: 131' 4" (40.03m)
LWL: 108' (32.92m)
Beam: 17' 4" (5.28m)
Draft: 6' (1.83m)
Displ.: 100.4 short tons (91.1 metric tons)
Propulsion: Steam, Herreshoff, 820 / 810 h.p. Triple exp., 3 cyl. (10" & 16" & 25" bore x 13 1/2" stroke)
Boiler: Square Water Level
Propeller: Diameter 66", Pitch 99"
Built for: Newberry, Helen H.
Amount: $60,000.00
Note(s) in HMCo Construction Record: Steel yacht for Great Lakes. Cabin for'd
Last year in existence: 1945 (aged 53)
Final disposition: Reported abandoned, then broken up in 1945 at Ford Rouge Plant, Dearborn, MI.

Note: Particulars are primarily but not exclusively from the HMCo Construction Record. Supplementary information not from the Construction Record appears elsewhere in this record with a complete citation.

What Truant family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Truant. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Truant census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 368 immigration records available for the last name Truant. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 34 military records available for the last name Truant. For the veterans among your Truant ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Truant. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Truant census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 368 immigration records available for the last name Truant. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 34 military records available for the last name Truant. For the veterans among your Truant ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

How can I manually generate a .pyc file from a .py file

You can use compileall in the terminal. The following command will go recursively into sub directories and make pyc files for all the python files it finds. The compileall module is part of the python standard library, so you don't need to install anything extra to use it. This works exactly the same way for python2 and python3.

You can compile individual files(s) from the command line with:

It's been a while since I last used Python, but I believe you can use py_compile :

I found several ways to compile python scripts into bytecode

Using py_compile in terminal:

-m specifies the module(s) name to be compiled.

Or, for interactive compilation of files

It compiles several files at a time.

The list can grow as long as you wish. Alternatively, you can obviously pass a list of files in main or even file names in command line args.

Or, if you pass ['-'] in main then it can compile files interactively.

It compiles every single Python file present in the supplied directory.

Take a look at the links below:

I would use compileall. It works nicely both from scripts and from the command line. It's a bit higher level module/tool than the already mentioned py_compile that it also uses internally.

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Using Anaconda or Miniconda (recommended)

Using conda (latest version recommended), SICOR is installed as follows:

Create virtual environment for SICOR (optional but recommended), and install SICOR itself:

Alternatively, you can of course install SICOR in an already existing environment by simply running:

conda is the preferred method to install SICOR, as it will always install the most recent stable release and automatically resolve all the dependencies.

Using pip (not recommended)

There is also a pip installer for SICOR. However, please note that SICOR depends on some open source packages that may cause problems when installed with pip. Therefore, we strongly recommend to resolve the following dependencies before the pip installer is run:

  • arosics>=1.2.4
  • gdal
  • h5py
  • matplotlib
  • numba
  • numpy
  • pyproj
  • pytables
  • scikit-image
  • scikit-learn<=0.24.0

Then, the pip installer can be run by:

If you don’t have pip installed, this Python installation guide can guide you through the process.

Using git (not recommended)

Alternatively you can install SICOR by cloning the following repository:

SICOR repository operations can be started using make, available options are:


From command line (currently, only applicable to multispectral case):


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  • atmospheric correction for Landsat-8: work in progress
  • CH4 retrieval from hyperspectral data: work in progress


This software was developed within the context of the EnMAP project supported by the DLR Space Administration with funds of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (on the basis of a decision by the German Bundestag: 50 EE 1529) and contributions from DLR, GFZ and OHB System AG. The MODTRAN trademark is being used with the express permission of the owner, Spectral Sciences, Inc.

Kamala Harris' Attorney General Record, Explained

Joe Biden has chosen Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA) as his running mate for the 2020 election. Last year, Sen. Harris was a frontrunner among the numerous Democratic candidates running for president. However, Harris' history as a prosecutor and attorney general in the state of California was a touchy subject and cause for concern long before her presidential campaign, and is expected to be recirculated in the upcoming 2020 presidential and vice presidential debates.

"The concerns are overblown, yes, no question," Harris told CBS News. But she was unable to escape addressing her controversial history it took center stage during the second Democratic debates last year. When the topic of criminal justice reform arose, Harris bore the brunt of criticism from her fellow candidates, including Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard.

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard challenged Sen. Kamala Harris&rsquo record while serving as attorney general of California #DemDebate2 https://t.co/NjrPPlVf8d pic.twitter.com/XSFiZfG9vi

&mdash TIME (@TIME) August 1, 2019

Harris has since responded to Gabbard's claims, saying Harris &ldquodid the work of significantly reforming the criminal justice system of a state of 40 million people. I am proud of making a decision to not just give fancy speeches or be in a legislative body and give speeches on the floor,&rdquo she said. &ldquoBut actually doing the work of being in the position to use the power that I had to reform a system that is badly in need of reform.&rdquo

Clearly, two very different answers.

Now more than ever, Harris will be expected to share her views on criminal justice reform (you can read her full policy on her website here) and police brutality in the wake of the murders of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, Ahmaud Arbery, and countless other Black Americans. So, let's try to clear up this controversy. Here are the important things to know about Kamala Harris' history as attorney general:

Harris served as attorney general twice.

Harris' first go-around was as the district attorney general of San Francisco. Her term lasted seven years, from 2004 to 2011. Then, from 2011 to 2017, she went on to serve the state of California as attorney general before taking on the role of Senator.

The "Back on Track" initiative was one her most successful programs.

As district attorney in 2005, Harris launched an initiative to reduce recidivism among first-time drug-trafficking defendants. The program, known as "Back on Track", lasts 12-18 months and provides its participants with a personal responsibility plan (PRP). Their PRP will consist of setting goals around employment, parenting and receiving an education, instead of serving jail time. Participants are also required to serve 220 hours of community service. Graduating from the program requires each participant to find a job, enroll in school full time, and comply with all terms of their PRP.

&ldquoShutting the revolving door of the criminal justice system requires innovative, results-driven policies and initiatives that help offenders get their lives back on track,&rdquo Harris said.

She tackled racial bias and police brutality (kind of).

In 2015, under Harris' jurisdiction as state attorney general, California became the first statewide agency to adopt a body camera program and also enforced a "first of its kind" law enforcement training. The then-presidential candidate reminded people of her work during one of the debates.

As Attorney General, my Department of Justice became the first statewide agency to mandate body cameras and launched the first implicit bias program in the country. I've spent my career working to reform the criminal justice system. #DemDebate

&mdash Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) August 1, 2019

However, what wasn't mentioned is that wearing the body camera was not mandatory for all local police officers in the state, only those working directly for Harris. According to PBS, that same year Harris warned against a &ldquoone-size-fits-all&rdquo solution. &ldquoI as a general matter believe that we should invest in the ability of law enforcement leaders in specific regions and with their departments to use [their] discretion to figure out what technology they are going to adopt based on needs that they have and resources they have,&rdquo Harris told the Sacramento Bee.

And the training Harris referred to is known as "Principled Policing: Procedural Justice and Implicit Bias.&rdquo The course totaled eight hours and consisted of "six areas that focus on policing approaches that emphasize respect, listening, neutrality and trust, while recognizing and addressing implicit biases that can be barriers to these approaches," according to a press release from the attorney general's office. According to press release, a little over 90 applicants from 30 agencies applied for the course.

Prison reform hasn't always been her strong suit.

In 2011, the Supreme Court demanded the state of California reduce its prison population by 33,000 inmates in the next two years due to overpopulation resulting in starvation, inhumane treatment and even death, according to NPR. However in 2014, according to the LA Times, federal judges "ordered that all nonviolent second-strike offenders be eligible for parole after serving half their sentence."

As stated by the LA Times, most of those prisoners were working as groundskeepers, janitors and kitchen staff. Harris' lawyers argued in court that releasing them would drastically reduce their prison labor pool (seriously!). However, Harris told BuzzFeed that she was "shocked" to hear their defense. "I was very troubled by what I read. I just need to find out what did we actually say in court," she said.

Her stance on marijuana has evolved.

In 2010, Harris was staunchly opposed to the use of recreational marijuana. &ldquoSpending two decades in court rooms, Harris believes that drug selling harms communities,&rdquo her then campaign manager Brian Brokaw told Capitol Weekly. "Harris supports the legal use of medicinal marijuana but does not support anything beyond that.&rdquo

In 2015, at the California Democrats Convention, she called for an end to the federal ban on medical marijuana, but withheld the term legalization. It wasn't until 2018, as Senator, that she co-signed Senator Corey Booker's Marijuana Justice Act​.

The fact is​,​ marijuana laws are not applied and enforced in the same way for all people. That&rsquos why I'​ve signed onto @CoryBooker&rsquos Marijuana Justice Act​ to make marijuana legal at the federal level​. It&rsquos the smart thing to do​. pic.twitter.com/JD5qqm0bfU

&mdash Kamala Harris (@KamalaHarris) May 10, 2018

&ldquoRight now in this country people are being arrested, being prosecuted, and end up spending time in jail or prison all because of their use of a drug that otherwise should be considered legal,&rdquo Harris said in a press release. &ldquoMaking marijuana legal at the federal level is the smart thing to do, it&rsquos the right thing to do. I know this as a former prosecutor and I know it as a senator.&rdquo

The anti-truancy policy she passed had good intentions, but backfired.

In her 2011 inauguration speech, Harris pointed out that in 2010 there were 600,000 truant students in their elementary schools alone. In an effort to remediate this issue, she passed a law making it a criminal misdemeanor for parents to allow their children (kindergarten through eighth grade) to miss more than 10 percent of school days, without an excuse. The parents or guardians of truant children could face a $2000 fine or up to one year in jail. &ldquoWe are putting parents on notice,&rdquo Harris said at her 2011 inauguration. &ldquoIf you fail in your responsibility to your kids, we are going to work to make sure you face the full force and consequences of the law.&rdquo

However, this policy ended up generalizing the truancy issue, placing blame on parents with circumstances outside their control. Harris has since apologized for criminalizing parents in a Pod Save America interview. "This was never the attention," she said. &ldquoI regret that that has happened and the thought that anything I did could have led to that."

Sex workers are wary of her.

In 2016, she was one of the leaders in the downfall of the classified ads website, Backpage.com. In her filings, she charged the site owners for money laundering, pimping, and conspiracy to commit pimping. A majority of sex workers used the site to find clients who needed an escort, other services, and many of them deemed it was one of the safest options to overall vet new clients. She said recently that she has "no regrets" about getting it shut down.

She's recently spoke on matters of decriminalization of sex work, saying she supported the movement, which some have called a "massive shift." In an interview with The Root last year, she said: "There is an ecosystem around that that includes crimes that harm people, and for those issues, I do not believe that anybody who hurts another human being or profits off of their exploitation should be free of criminal prosecution. But when you're talking about consenting adults, we should consider that we can't criminalize consensual behavior."

JFK Funeral

On November 25, a horse-drawn caisson carried Kennedy’s flag-draped coffin to St. Matthew’s Catholic Cathedral from the Capitol Rotunda. More than 800,000 people lined Pennsylvania Avenue to watch the procession, according to the Washington Post.

“The president’s caisson was drawn by four horses, including the riderless horse named Black Jack, a ‘magnificent black gelding,’ according to the JFK Library, which carried an empty saddle and saber,” the newspaper reported. 𠇋oots were reversed in the stirrups. ‘The riderless horse,’ the JFK Library explained, ‘is one of the highest military honors bestowed upon the fallen.’ ”

Kennedy was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery, following the requiem mass, with leaders from dozens of nations in attendance. Jacqueline Kennedy lit the eternal flame that has continued to flicker since JFK’s death.

Truant PYc-14 - History


Research shows that absences add up and that good attendance is essential to student achievement and graduation. In contrast, missing too much school (chronic absence and truancy) can lead to school drop-out, academic failure and juvenile delinquency.

State law requires school districts and schools to have specific policies and procedures regarding students who are truant. A truant is defined as a student who has has 4 unexcused absences from school in one month (30 consecutive calendar days) or 10 unexcused absences in one school year.

If a student becomes truant, their school is required to have a meeting with the student&rsquos parent/ guardian within 10 school days. In this meeting, the school should work with the student and guardian to help the student return to school. Schools should also work with community agencies providing child and family services to address the student&rsquos barriers to coming to school.

Ultimately, the most effective strategy for helping student be present in school is prevention. Attendance monitoring, enhancing school culture and community, increasing student engagement, and mentoring students for academic success are effective school-based strategies for preventing truancy.

NOTE: For more detail on determining if an absence is excused or unexcused, download the Connecticut State Department of Education's (CSDE) Guidelines for Excused and Unexcused Absences.

Truancy vs. Chronic Absence

Chronic absence and truancy are not interchangeable terms. They describe different aspects of the absence problem and require different approaches. Truancy is a term that generally refers to unexcused absences. Chronic absence, on the other hand, incorporates all absences: excused, unexcused absences, and suspensions and expulsions served.

For more information about chronic absence, visit the CSDE&rsquos Chronic Absence web page or download the CSDE chronic absence prevention and intervention guide.

  • United States FULL
  • Connecticut FULL

What the heck happened to Chicago’s truancy officers?

Over the past few years, Curious City has answered many questions about Chicago streets: why they get cleaned, why some get names but others receive numbers, and why portions of the Kennedy Expressway sometimes switch directions.

But what caught Saundra Oglesby’s attention is what’s missing from city streets, or rather who has been missing. We met Saundra just once, but her question needs little clarification:

Why aren’t truancy officers riding around like they used to?

Saundra — a resident of Chicago’s Lawndale neighborhood — is referring to the men and women once employed by Chicago Public Schools to track down students who did not turn up for class.

“When we was growing up, they would pick us up, take us to the school, call our parents and say, ‘Hey, this kid is not in school, why aren’t you in school?’” Oglesby recalled.

Hers is a fair question and, we learned, a timely one.

The city’s truancy officers were cut decades ago, but the problem they were tasked with solving — chronic, unexcused absence from school — persists and it’s hurt kids, communities and the school district itself.

In May of this year, Catalyst Chicago magazine revealed that a little more than one quarter of CPS students were chronically truant last year. The district verified that report. (At CPS, a student qualifies as chronically truant if she misses 5 percent of the school year — or about nine days — without an accepted excuse. Prior to the 2011-2012 school year, the threshold was 18 missed days, or 10 percent of the school year.)

The truancy situation’s considered bad enough that Illinois lawmakers want recommendations of how to get more Chicago kids to show up at school.

Truancy officers don’t make the cut

For nearly fifty years truancy officers in Chicago knocked on doors, called students’ friends and relatives, and stalked neighborhood haunts to find wayward kids. They would also figure out what was happening in children’s lives — at home, in the streets or at school — that would keep them from class.

But the job title — at least at the district level — disappeared after 1992.

Aarti Dhupelia, CPS’ Chief Officer for College and Career Success, says at that time CPS faced a $315 million shortfall, and the administration at the time zeroed in on truancy officers.

“We actually had as many as 150 truancy officers district wide,” Dhupelia explained. “Due to unclear evidence of their effectiveness as well as budget constraints, those positions were eliminated.”

The district estimated a savings of about $15 million that year, and that it wouldn’t miss the truancy officers. Dhupelia says officers could find kids and bring them to school “but they could not answer the larger question of why did children leave school in the first place.”

In fact, even with truancy officers in place in the early 1990s, Chicago had the highest high school dropout rate in the country. In the years after the officers were cut, the district’s dropout rate improved, but the district’s truancy rates remained above the state average.

That’s despite various efforts over the years, including dedicated truancy outreach and re-engagement centers.

The consequences of missed days of school add up, a realization all too familiar to Chicago Tribune reporter David Jackson.

In 2012 Jackson was tipped off to what appeared to be a growing attendance problem. A juvenile court judge told him she was shocked by the number of young kids who were out of school and in her courtroom.

“She noted that those were the kids obviously involved in delinquency and crimes on the streets,” Jackson remembered. “What they were doing when they weren’t in school was either not safe for them or for the community.”

So Jackson and reporter Gary Marx asked for access to a highly-protected CPS attendance database, which tracks — kid-by-kid — how often a student misses class. The newspaper team fought a losing legal battle over access to the data. (Jackson said the information is not made public for several good reasons, including privacy.)

Truant: A student who is absent for no valid cause. Valid excuses include illness, death in the family, family emergency, special religious holiday and case-by-case special circumstances.

Truancy: Being absent without cause for one or more days

Chronic truancy: Being absent, without an excuse, for five percent of the previous 180 school days (a full school year) — or, about nine days for CPS students.

Jackson decided to go at it again in 2012 when CPS was embroiled in several of the biggest stories in Chicago (and the nation): at one time the district faced a punishing teacher’s strike, school closings and consolidations and escalating violence. After the Tribune team stripped down the original requests, they received the numbers from the 2010-2011 school year. Jackson concluded that the district was facing a truancy crisis.

“We found in the database — and this is an extremely conservative number — that at least one in eight elementary students in Chicago missed four weeks of school [during the year we studied],” Jackson recounted.

Translation: If students retain that pattern of missing school between kindergarten and eighth grade, they could miss a year of school before they begin high school.

And, as Yale University criminologist Tracey Meares explained, education is vital to survival. Meares has spent time studying networks of gun violence in the city of Chicago. She believes the most effective way to save lives — and prevent a young person from falling prey to gang and gun violence — is to teach them to read.

“Making sure that children can read by 3rd grade is probably one of the most important things that any city can do with respect to violent crime in the long term,” Meares said. “Our research shows that people, young men, who drop out from high school, are much more likely to be gang-involved than those who are not.”

They’re going to learn from someone

John Paul Jones, the president of Sustainable Englewood Initiatives, said the truancy issue has left the South Side neighborhood with a lot of children learning from others on the street.

“The ex-offenders, the alcoholics, other persons who are just not productive in the community life and those are the ones they’re around. And so, it puts them in the way of violence,” he said. “It puts them in the way of doing things that puts them and the community at risk.”

One long-term effect of chronic truancy, Jones explained, is that young people in the community aren’t rewarded for getting ahead in school.

“Those who do wrong get celebrated when they come back from prison. They come back, there’s a cluster of guys who welcome them back,” said Jones. But he feels that kind of welcome’s not extended to returning college students.

“You come back and you may have somebody who not as thrilled about you coming back,” he said.

So kids are directly hurt by chronic truancy and, according to Jones, a whole community can be, too. But as we dug into this question about the absence of truancy officers in Chicago, we found that there’s likely another victim: CPS.

Public school districts are reimbursed by the state and federal governments based on how many kids show up. This complicated formula can be likened to a mortgage calculator.

A 2010 internal CPS report, obtained by the Tribune, suggested CPS could have garnered an additional $11.5 million in state funds if district attendance that year had been just 1 percent higher. Or, in numbers more people can digest, CPS estimated it lost $111 each time a student missed a day.

Jackson and his reporting team found that more often than not, truancy officers practically paid for themselves.

Will Chicago ever welcome back truancy officers?

Jackson and his Tribune colleagues looked at how other school districts around the state and country tackle truancy. Jackson said in many districts, dedicated truancy officers could handle a key function of finding who was missing on any given day of school, and then prioritizing which ones to reach out to. The kids, Jackson, said, were often findable.

“It’s not that they disappear into a Bermuda Triangle,” he said.

But do observations like this an argument make an argument in favor of truancy officers?

CPS doesn’t take it that way.

“I think that tackling attendance truancy and attendance is really an ‘it takes a village’ issue,” said CPS’ Dhupelia. “It’s not something that the district can tackle alone. It’s something that families need to tackle, that the district needs to tackle, it’s something that community partners, elected officials need to help tackle.”

It so happens Chicago’s truancy problems are being tackled by elected officials and other stakeholders. The legislature created a Chicago Public Schools Truancy Task Force to recommend how to improve CPS’ attendance record.

To find out what the task force thinks of truancy officers, Curious City, spoke to one of its members: Jeffrey Aranowski, who’s with the Illinois State Board of Education.

“If you look across the state, most all counties have truant officers employed either by districts or regional offices of education, they’re very active. CPS seems to be a little bit of an outlier there,” he said. “But again, whether or not that’s something that’s appropriate or even will be recommended by the task force is yet to be seen.”

The task force’s homework is due soon as of this writing, it’s set for the end of July. By then state lawmakers hope to have final recommendations on how to address truancy in CPS schools.

Perhaps by then, Chicago will know whether the state would like to see truancy officers return to its streets.

Special thanks to David Jackson of the Chicago Tribune and Melissa Sanchez of Catalyst Chicago magazine.

Katie O’Brien is a WBEZ producer and reporter. Follow her @katieobez.

Additional information: CPS’ current anti-truancy efforts

Chicago Public Schools is currently expanding what it calls SOAR (Student Outreach and Re-engagement) centers. There are currently centers in three city neighborhoods: Roseland, Little Village and Garfield Park. The centers are to support all students who have dropped out or are at risk of dropping out. Across the engagement centers are 15 re-engagement specialists who focus on recruiting and guiding students back into school. CPS says that since the February 2013 launch, SOAR Centers have served 1,615 students.

CPS’ Aarti Dhupelia says that over the past several months, CPS has developed a comprehensive attendance and truancy strategy that focuses on the root causes of truancy. That strategy, she says, is two-fold.

  • Building universal systems in schools that prevent absenteeism: Coach schools on how to build a positive culture around attendance and helping them monitor attendance regularly. Dhupelia says the district is building data tools to enable documentation and tracking.
  • Targeted interventions: Identifying the root cause of a student’s absence and connecting them to resources to address it so that the child can return to a school environment.

Additional information: Definitions

Attendance rate = percentage of days present out of total days enrolled

Absence rate = percentage of days absent out of total days enrolled includes excuses, unexcused and suspensions

Truant: A student who is absent for no valid cause. Valid excuses include illness, death in the family, family emergency, special religious holiday and case-by-case special circumstances.

Truancy: Being absent without cause for one or more days

Chronic truancy: Being absent, without an excuse, for five percent of the previous 180 school days (a full school year) — or, about nine days for CPS students.

Chronically absent: Missing at least 18 school days, whether excused or unexcused.

Watch the video: Truant Slaking Sweeps in Pokemon Showdown (August 2022).