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17 October 1941

17 October 1941

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17 October 1941

October 1941

> November


Tojo replaces Konoye as Premier of Japan

World War II Today: October 17

French troops are pushed back in the Saar region.

President Roosevelt prepares to sign an executive order closing all U.S. ports to submarines from belligerent nations.

Destroyer USS Kearny damaged by German torpedo off Iceland11 Americans are killed.

US House of Representatives allow merchantmen to be armed.

Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is captured by Army Group South.

Kimmel improves naval reconnaissance at Pearl Harbor but not 360-degree nor 24-hour patrols.

In Convoy SC-48 off Iceland, U-568 torpedoes destroyer USS Kearny first US casualties of the war—11 killed, 22 wounded. U-boats sink seven other ships in Convoy SC-48.

US Army Air Force establishes Air Service Command (supply and maintenance) under Brig. Gen. Henry Miller at Wright Field, OH.

Luftwaffe abandons daylight raids against Malta.

Germans take Tractor Factory in Stalingrad.

Abel’s Field opens at Fasari, New Guinea, named after missionary Cecil Abel who constructed the airfield with native help.

The US and Japan exchange 3,000 civilian prisoners in Goa.

Germans haul art from Monte Cassino Abbey to Rome as Allies approach most of the monks, nuns, orphans, schoolchildren, and refugees go to Rome as well.

The last German auxiliary cruiser in Pacific, Michel, sunk by the US submarine Tarpon off Chi Chi Jima.

German forces successfully repulse heavy Soviet attacks near Debrecen.

Eichmann returns to Hungary.

French halt offensive through Vosges Mountains toward Belfort Gap in France.

Records of the War Production Board [WPB]

Established: In the Office for Emergency Management (OEM) by EO 9024, January 16, 1942, superseding the Supply Priorities Allocation Board and, by EO 9040, January 24, 1942, the Office of Production Management.

Predecessor Agencies:

In the Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense:

  • Industrial Production Division (1940-41)
  • Industrial Materials Division (1940-41)
  • Labor Division (1940-41)

In the Office for Emergency Management:

  • Office of Production Management (OPM, 1941-42)
  • Priorities Board, OPM (1941)
  • Supply Priorities Allocation Board (1941-42)

Functions: Exercised general direction over federal war procurement and production programs.

Abolished: Effective November 3, 1945, by EO 9638, October 4, 1945.

Successor Agencies: Civilian Production Administration (CPA), OEM (1945-46) Office of Temporary Controls (1946-47) Department of Commerce as liquidator (1947).

Finding Aids: Fred G. Halley and Josef C. James, comps., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the War Production Board, PI 15 (1948) Harry Schwartz, comp., "Supplement to Preliminary Inventory No. 15, Records of the War Production Board," NM 57 (1965) supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.

Related Records: Record copies of publications of the War Production Board in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.

Subject Access Terms: World War II agency.

179.2 Records of the War Production Board
1918-47 (Bulk 1939-47)

History: War Resources Board established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as a civilian advisory group to collaborate with the Joint Army and Navy Munitions Board in formulating economic mobilization policies, August 9, 1939. Abolished November 24, 1939. Advisory Commission to the World War I Council of National Defense revived, May 29, 1940. Three of its functional divisions (Industrial Production, Industrial Materials, and Labor), responsible for the stockpiling and delivery of critical raw materials, were integrated into the Office of Production Management, established in OEM by EO 8629, January 7, 1941, to develop and execute policies relating to the production of defense materials. Pursuant to EO 8875, August 28, 1941, OPM's Priorities Board was replaced by the Supply Priorities Allocation Board, OEM, which was responsible for coordinating the supply and allocation of defense-related materials and commodities. Supply Priorities Allocation Board, and subsequently all of OPM, superseded by War Production Board, January 1942. See 179.1.

179.2.1 Policy records

Textual Records: "Policy Documentation File," comprising selected records of organizational units of the WPB and its predecessors and successors, 1939-47 (843 ft.), with an index (300 ft.). "Select Document File" of records selected from units of the Civilian Production Administration and its predecessors for inclusion in the "policy documentation file," but not interfiled when the CPA was discontinued, 1939-47 (290 ft.). Records relating to industrial mobilization in World War II ("Related Materials File," "Mobilization Planning File"), 1940-47 (290 ft. and 419 rolls of microfilm), with subject indexes.

Microfilm Publications: M186, M187, M195, M196, M911.

179.2.2 Minutes and transcripts of proceedings

Textual Records: Minutes of the Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense, 1940-41 Emergency Facilities Committee of the Advisory Commission to the Council of National Defense, 1940-41 Supply Priorities Allocation Board, 1941-42 Council of the Office of Production Management, 1941-42 War Production Board, 1942-45 WPB Planning Committee, 1942-43 WPB Production Executive Committee, 1943-44 WPB Requirements Committee, 1942-45 WPB Committee on Conservation in Construction, 1943-44 and CPA Priorities Policy Committee, 1946- 47. Transcripts of proceedings of the WPB, relative to critical materials, radomes, and coordination of governmental field activities, July 1943 WPB Committee on Conservation in Construction, October 1943-September 1944 CPA Clearance Committee, August 1946-March 1947 and CPA Priorities Policy Committee, December 1945-February 1947.

179.2.3 Orders and regulations

Textual Records: Orders, regulations, directives, and related records of the WPB and the CPA ("Recording Secretary's Files"), 1941-47. Equipment ("E"), limitation ("L"), conservation ("M"), preference rating ("P"), rubber ("R"), and utilities ("U") orders, 1941-47, with gaps. Orders and regulations manual, 1941- 47. Controlled Materials Plan ("CMP") regulations, 1943-45. Priority regulations, 1941-47, with gaps.

179.2.4 Reports, special studies, and reference files

Textual Records: Annual report of the WPB, 1944. Quarterly reports of operating units of the CPA, 1945-46. Program control reports, 1944-45. Historical reports relating to policies and operations of the WPB and its predecessors ("Special Studies Series"), 1946-47. Historical studies, bibliographies, and other records relating to the organization and activities of the War Industries Board ("War Industry Board Manuals"), 1941-42. Organizational and procedural data ("Administrative Reference File"), 1918-47. Industrial Mobilization for War series: Industrial Mobilization for War, Vol. I, Program and Administration "Industrial Mobilization for War, Vol. II, Materials and Products" and "Industrial Reconversion and Civilian Production, Vol. III, History of the Civilian Production Administration, 1940-46," consisting of published (vol. 1), and unpublished mimeographed and typescript drafts, some incomplete, of the projected three-volume history of industrial mobilization.

179.2.5 Miscellaneous records

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of applications for certificates of necessity, protection, and nonreimbursement, 1940-41 (1,101 rolls). Records of the WPB Appeals Board, including case files and summary card records, 1942-47. WPB manpower survey reports and budget estimates, 1943-44. Office procedures file, 1942-46. Microfilm copy of press releases, 1940-47 (53 rolls).

Microfilm Publications: M185, M1200, M1239.

179.2.6 Records of operating units

Textual Records: Records of the Division of Personnel Management, including Classification Section subject file, 1941-45 Field Unit general correspondence, 1943-46 position descriptions, 1942-43 and lists of cancelled positions, 1942-45. Records of the Division of Industry Operations, consisting of the Division Director's files, 1942-43 office file of the special assistant to the Division Director, 1942 and records relating to the chemical industry, 1944-45. Records of the Foreign Division, including Director's file, 1944-46 and records of the Assistant and Deputy Director relating to lend-lease to the Soviet Union, 1944-46. Correspondence of the Office of General Counsel, 1941- 46. Correspondence, contracts, and reports of the Office of Production Research and Development, relating to consumer products, industrial processes, metals, and minerals, 1941-46. Correspondence, subject files, and other records of the Resources Protection Board relating to the protection of defense plants and railroad bridges and tunnels, 1942-45. Director's files and general files of the Office of Industry Advisory Committees, 1942-47.

179.2.7 Records of staff offices and officials

Textual Records: Microfilm copy of reading file of the assistant chief, Aircraft Branch, Production Division, OPM, 1941 (3 rolls). Files of the assistant to the Chairman, WPB, 1942-44 administrative assistant to the Chairman, 1943-44 and special assistant to the Chairman, 1942-45, with gaps. Office files of the Executive Secretary, WPB, 1941-46. Correspondence and other records of the Recording Secretary, WPB, 1942-47. Records of the special assistant to the Directors of the Facilities Bureau and the Construction Bureau, WPB, 1942-45. Records of the head of the Review and Analysis Staff, Program Bureau, WPB, 1943-44. Office file of the Chief of the Historical Records Section, WPB, 1941- 42. Correspondence of the Director of the Bureau of International Supply, CPA, 1946. Files of the Director of the Bureau of Demobilization, CPA, 1946-47. Records of the Chief of the Policy Analysis and Records Branch, CPA, 1946-47.

179.3 Records of the Combined Raw Materials Board

History: Established as a World War II combined committee (United States-United Kingdom), January 26, 1942, to coordinate the development, expansion, and use of raw materials. Abolished December 31, 1945.

Textual Records: General correspondence, cables, minutes, decisions and recommendations, reports, and publications, 1942- 45. Agendas, minutes, and decisions of the Advisory Operating Committee and the Committee on Fertilizer, 1942-45. Records of the Office of the Executive Secretary relating chiefly to liberated areas, 1942-45. Correspondence of staff officers and analysts, relating to metals and other commodities, 1942-46.

Finding Aids: Sarah D. Powell, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the Combined Raw Materials Board and the Combined Production and Resources Board," NM 87 (August 1967).

179.4 Records of the Combined Production and Resources Board

History: Established pursuant to a Presidential memorandum to WPB Chairman Donald Nelson, June 9, 1942, as a combined committee (United States-United Kingdom) to integrate war production programs, coordinate military requirements, minimize demands upon shipping, and meet essential civilian needs. Expanded, November 10, 1942, to include a Canadian representative. Terminated, December 31, 1945, with commodity allocation functions assigned, effective January 1, 1946, to the Combined Rubber Committee, the Combined Coal Committee, the Combined Textile Committee, the Combined Tin Committee, and the Combined Hides, Skins, and Leather Committee.

Textual Records: Agendas, minutes, directives, issuances, general correspondence, and a master file of cables received and sent, 1942-45. Records relating to the allocation of materials to liberated areas and to programs conducted by the Combined Civil Affairs Committee and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, 1944-45. Records of the Executive Officer, 1944-45 CPRB Registry, 1942-45 statistical officer, 1943-45 public relations officer, 1944-45 director of research and statistics, 1943-45 and Office of the Special Assistant, 1942-45. Records of committee meetings, 1942-45. Minutes, correspondence, and final report of the Conference on the Unification of Engineering Standards, 1943-45. General correspondence of the office of William L. Batt, U.S. deputy member of the CPRB, 1940-46. General correspondence and other records of the Material Coordinating Committee, 1941-45. Records of the postwar international commodity committees, 1945-47.

Finding Aids: Sarah D. Powell, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the Combined Raw Materials Board and the Combined Production and Resources Board," NM 87 (August 1967).

179.5 Cartographic Records (General)

Maps: United States, overprinted to show locations of munitions plants, June and October 1941 (2 items). United States, showing regional boundaries of the WPB, 1942 (1 item).

179.6 Motion Pictures (General)

Signal Corps Film Communique (War Film 20-1), documenting military operations in various theaters of operations, 1943 (1 reel). The Price of Victory, depicting Allied and Axis military and political leaders, 1942 (1 reel). Subcontracting for Defense, 1941 (1 reel) Drive for Anthracite, ca. 1942 (1 reel) Joe Comes Back, ca. 1943 (1 reel) Jalopies Parading for Victory, ca. 1943 (1 reel) Making Steel for War, ca. 1943 (1 reel) Save Those Tools, ca. 1943 (1 reel) Let's Finish the Job Together, ca. 1944 (1 reel) Behind the Winning Punch!, ca. 1944 (1 reel) and The Caravan, n.d. (1 reel), documenting various aspects of war production. A New Voice for Mr. X, teaching improved telephone manners, ca. 1940 (1 reel). Know Your Typewriter, an introduction to government office equipment, 1941 (1 reel).

179.7 Sound Recordings (General)

Radio broadcasts, including "Men, Machines and Victory," "You Can't Do Business With Hitler," and "Fibber McGee and Molly," and consisting of dramatizations, speeches, interviews, and entertainment featuring, among others, Eleanor Roosevelt, Donald M. Nelson, Joseph C. Grew, Frank Knox, Leon Henderson, and a number of writers, actors, and actresses, 1942-45 (109 items). Instructional records used in training mail and messenger service personnel, secretaries, and switchboard operators, n.d. (11 items).

179.8 Still Pictures (General)

Posters (1,282 images): Used in production drives initiated by the WPB, 1942-43 (WP).

Lantern Slides (320 images): Used in training staff members and industrial employees engaged in war production, 1942-45 (S, C).

Filmstrips (17 items): War production, 1942-45 (FS).

Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.

♫Today in Music History-October 17, 1941♫

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Jim, I consider you to be a friend and I would hope that you feel the same about me. so there is certainly no reason for you to apologize. You can make derogatory remarks to me and I may say demeaning comments about you (or that koala infested country you live in), but I consider it all to be in jest. I may be misunderstood at times (I have already received 3 death threats from Hamster Lives Matter for posting my hamster soup recipe), but I would never purposely say anything detrimental to any member of Joe's family. HEY! Pull up a stool. It looks like you could use a beer. and try some of this hamster dip. it's delicious

Hi John how are you I'm sorry if I offended you with the Jim and Dan Seals saga. Thank you for your update about the pooping jogger. Do you put croutons in the hamster soup.

Thanks John. :-/
It will pass, I know it will. But in the meantime.

Glad you let me know Judy, you saved me about $200. I was just about to contact my lawyer about officially changing my name to "Bob". EVERYBODY loves a Bob. I'm sorry you are having a bad day. I know how that can be. Sounds like it is time to break out the pictures of your sons and grandsons and think about all of your friends here that enjoy your company. Maybe I will send you some "comfort food". I make a pretty mean bowl of hamster soup. No meat of course. I just drain Killer's hot tub into a bowl, a sprinkle of parmesan cheese, some hardtack and all your worries just seem to melt away. but don't wander too far from the toilet.

No, John,
You haven't annoyed me. I'm sorry my comments are short. I'm struggling here yesterday and today. It's not you.

Obviously from your short, curt comments I have annoyed you and I again apologize for my thoughtlessness. I'll clean up my mess and be on my way.

No big deal. I shouldn't care.

Jim sorry about not responding to your comment sooner, but I was waiting so that I could tell you the good news. the pooping jogger from Colorado Springs has finally been captured!! . so you can sleep well tonight. After a lengthy search the sheriff's department brought in some highly trained Belgian Malinois Butt Sniffing dogs and quickly found their suspect, including a diaper full of poop. When the authorities searched his residence, they found thousands of unused Depends so the question remains. was he affiliated with the terror group "The Muslim Shitites"? Hopefully all the questions will be answered in the near future, but for now his neighbors said "he was a very nice man, quiet, kept to himself and never spread any crap around the neighborhood".

That's okay, John. Just ignore me. I have no feelings.

John help me out please. Has the pooping jogger from Colorado Springs been caught yet.

I totally missed it, please enlighten me.

Was that the comment about England Dan and John Ford Coley? I think I replied to that.

♫Today in Music History-October 17, 1941♫

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Hic, Hiç,Hic, I'm stil tasing you Joe. Ears.

Thank you John. I hoped you would find the connection between Emmit and The Merry Go Round and I will also try and find that movie. Thanks.

I knew it, Jimbo! If Joe doesn't know something about music, you do. And if you don't know something about music, Joe does. You and Joe are like the dynamic duo. Like Batman and Robin. Captain Kirk and Mr Spock. or Yogi and Boo Boo. (notice out of respect I didn't mention Beavis and Butthead :-)

Jim, I knew about The Merry Go Round but I knew nothing about Emitt Rhoads before doing some research. After The Merry Go Round broke up in '69, Rhoades released 3 solo albums. His first album titled Emitt Rhoads (how imaginative) was a critical success – Billboard called Rhodes "one of the finest artists on the music scene today" and later called his first album one of the "best albums of the decade". The album reached number 29 on the Billboard charts. The single "Fresh as a Daisy" reached number 54 on the pop chart.

In 2009, Italian director Cosimo Messeri shot a documentary movie about Emitt Rhodes-
his life, past, present, troubles and hopes. The movie, titled The One Man Beatles, was nominated for Best Documentary of 2010. I'm going to see if I can find the documentary on Youtube and watch in the next couple of days. In the meantime, hang onto your "Fresh As A Daisy" 45. it may be worth a fortune one day. or not :-)

Hi Joe. I have few albums by Seals and Crofts and England Dan & JFC and like both equally. John I have an old 45. It is Fresh as a Daisy by Emitt Rhodes, does that ring a bell?

So glad you enjoy our vast quantity of "useless knowledge" as much as I do sharing it!! :))

Thanks Janie and you are always welcome here!! Glad you enjoy the music as much as we do!!

Joe, thanks so much and ditto to Bob and John

I thoroughly enjoyed all y'alls knowledge and good videos! Y'all all are just full of interesting news and music!
Happy Wednesday

That's exactly who we listened to John!! LOL :))

The Merry Go Round was formed in L.A. in '66 when "garage bands" were popular (ie The Nightcrawlers-Little Black Egg) They were "sort of" popular in So Cal and the Southwest, but you Easteners were probably stll listening to Steve Laurence, Jack Jones and Vic Damone :-)

I love the lyrics John!! And I think you got me on this one, don't remember ever hearing it. :))

Bob, the re-post finally found it's way out of the debris.

Joe, you can relax now. I know you must have had several sleepless nights anticipating the posting my first invisible band. Bands that were once a Denver omelet, but now are just egg shells thrown in the trash. They only produced two hits. one reached #63 on Billboards top 100 and the other reached #94. They called it quits in '69 and be honest. have you heard this hit ANYWHERE in the last 30-40 years? Joe, I'm thinking only you, Big Jim from down under, Bob and maybe Ken will remember this song. if anyone else remembers this song I will give you a free ride in my vintage DeLorean time travel machine. but you have to provide your own motion sickness bag.

"f you gotta go
you better live your life before you pass away.
Don't waste a day"

I loved those "lirycs" 50+ years ago and they are more appropriate now than ever. I chose a video with lyrics because I could never understand what the hell they were saying.

I did know that John, but did not know Dan went on to be a country star!! Not my genre at that time. Thanks for the info John. :))

Newspapers in Nazi Germany

Newspapers were greatly used by the Nazi Party to spread the party line. Newspapers were commonly purchased in an era that pre-dated television and along with the cinema and radio was the primary mode of spreading information – information that the Nazi Party wanted to control. Hitler came to power on January 30 th 1933 and almost immediately set out plans that would give the Nazis total power over all newspapers. Once Chancellor, Hitler was in a position to implement from a propaganda viewpoint what he had written about in ‘Mein Kampf’:

“The receptivity of the great masses is very limited, their intelligence is small, but their power of forgetting is enormous. In consequence of these facts, all effective propaganda must be limited to a very few points and must harp on these slogans until the last member of the public understands what you want him to understand by your slogan.”

Control of newspapers was put into the hands of Joseph Goebbels, the head of the Ministry of Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda. Goebbels set up a department within the ministry that dealt solely with newspapers. The newspapers had to spread the same message as everything else – Gleischaltung – the coordination of the whole of Nazi German society so that it acted and thought the same. Therefore people could only read the news as it was presented to them by the government.

On October 4 th 1933 the Reich Press Law stated that all journalism had to be “racially clean”. Any Jewish and liberal editors and journalists were sacked and all remaining editors had to take a Nazi citizenship test and prove that they were not married to a Jew. Any Jew who owned a newspaper was pressurised into selling out. If any Jewish owner refused to do this, the government banned the production of his newspaper for a few days that could then become weeks and months. By using this tactic, the Nazis hoped to bankrupt Jewish newspaper owners. This is what happened to the Jewish owned publishing house Ullstein. It was taken to the brink of bankruptcy and sold out to Eher Verlag, the Nazi publishing house based in Munich. One of the newspapers acquired by Eher Verlag was ‘Vossische Zeitung’, a celebrated liberal newspaper founded in 1703. To prove to the world that the Nazi government was reasonable, Goebbels allowed the highly respected ‘Frankfurter Zeitung’ a degree of independence from central interference on the understanding that it got rid of its Jewish owners.

Nazi newspapers predictably did well after January 1933. The official newspaper of the Third Reich was the ‘Vőlkischer Beobachter’, which was edited by Alfred Rosenberg who was considered to be the Nazi Party’s primary intellectual. Joseph Goebbels had his own newspaper, ‘Der Angriff’. The ‘Vőlkischer Beobachter’ was printed in Munich and appeared in the morning while ‘Der Angriff’ was printed in Berlin and appeared in the afternoon. In this way, the Nazis covered the whole of Germany. Both newspapers fawningly supported Hitler and National Socialism and pushed Nazi ideas. To ensure that all major newspapers were in Nazi hands, Goebbels gave the old Berlin newspaper, ‘Boersen Zeitung’ (Stock Exchange Journal) to Walter Funk, Hitler’s economic and financial advisor.

‘Vőlkischer Beobachter’ translated as ‘Racial Observer’. It was the main Nazi daily newspaper and it was used to peddle whatever Goebbels wanted. It was anti-Semite, anti-Communist, anti-liberal and completely fawning towards Hitler. During World War Two, the German public only read about the ‘good news’ as nothing bad was allowed to be reported.

‘Der Angriff’ translated as ‘The Assault’ and it was a newspaper founded by Goebbels in 1927 and became effectively his property. Its subtitle was ‘For the Oppressed against the Oppressors’. The right hand column of the front page was reserved for the personal comments of Goebbels that were signed off ‘Dr G’. There were many libel actions against ‘Der Angriff’ but none were successful. It never had the circulation of ‘Vőlkischer Beobachter’ and became simply a tool to voice the opinions of Goebbels.

Some individual Nazis were allowed to produce their own newspapers as the party hierarchy had no doubts that they would not peddle the party line. Probably the most infamous was ‘Der Stűrmer’ by the anti-Semite Julius Streicher who claimed that ‘Der Stűrmer’ was Hitler’s favourite read. However, Goebbels viewed the newspaper as little more than a ‘daily rag’ and believed that it was more likely to harm the regime than present it in its best light such was the paucity of its contents that occasionally bordered on the pornographic. However, it is said that Hitler read each issue from cover to cover and any protests that Goebbels might have made would have fallen on deaf ears. Towards the end of World War Two, Goebbels had the opportunity to ban ‘Der Stűrmer’ using the lack of paper as a reason.

At its peak, Goebbels supervised more than 3,600 newspapers and hundreds of magazines. He met the editors of the Berlin newspapers each morning and told them what could be printed and what could not. He kept in similar contact with editors based elsewhere in Germany using telegrams. It is almost certain that every editor knew what was in store if he broke away from the instructions set by Goebbels. All editors were expected to fully praise Hitler and senior Nazi officials. In 1937, Goebbels appointed Hans Fritzsche as his link with Germany’s newspaper editors.

However, it does appear that the German public became tired of the lack of choice when it came to newspapers and the constant hammering home of National Socialist ideals. The annual sales of ‘Vőlkischer Beobachter’ fell drastically between 1933 and 1939.

Konoye government falls - Oct 17, 1941 - HISTORY.com

TSgt Joe C.

On this day in 1941, the government of Prince Fumimaro Konoye, prime minister of Japan, collapses, leaving little hope for peace in the Pacific.

Konoye, a lawyer by training and well studied in Western philosophy, literature, and economics, entered the Japanese Parliament’s upper house by virtue of his princely status and immediately pursued a program of reform. High on his agenda was a reform of the army general staff in order to prevent its direct interference in foreign policy decisions. He also sought an increase in parliamentary power. An antifascist, Konoye championed an end to the militarism of Japanese political structures, especially in light of the war in Manchuria, which began in 1931.

Appointed prime minister in 1933, Konoye’s first cabinet fell after full-blown war broke out between Japan and China. In 1940, Konoye was asked to form a second cabinet. But as he sought to contain the war with China, relations with the United States deteriorated, to the point where Japan was virtually surrounded by a U.S. military presence and threats of sanctions. On August 27, 1941, Konoye requested a summit with President Roosevelt

in order to diminish heightening tensions. Envoys were exchanged, but no direct meeting with the president took place. (The U.S. government believed it could send the wrong message to China-and that Japan was on the losing end of that war anyway.)

In October, Konoye resigned because of increasing tension with his army minister, Tojo Hideki. Tojo succeeded Konoye as prime minister, holding on to his offices of army minister and war minister. Imperial Japan’s foreign policy was now formally controlled by the military. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, Konoye was put under military surveillance, his political career all but over until 1945, when the emperor considered sending him to Moscow to negotiate peace terms. That meeting never came off.

Copyright Law of the United States (Title 17) and Related Laws Contained in Title 17 of the United States Code

This publication contains the text of Title 17 of the United States Code, including all amendments enacted by Congress through December 27, 2020. It includes the Copyright Act of 1976 and all subsequent amendments to copyright law the Semiconductor Chip Protection Act of 1984, as amended and the Vessel Hull Design Protection Act, as amended. The Copyright Office is responsible for registering intellectual property claims under all three.

The United States copyright law is contained in chapters 1 through 8 and 10 through 12 of Title 17 of the United States Code. The Copyright Act of 1976, which provides the basic framework for the current copyright law, was enacted on October 19, 1976, as Pub. L. No. 94-553, 90 Stat. 2541. The 1976 Act was a comprehensive revision of the copyright law in Title 17.

This edition adds copyright legislation enacted since the last printed edition of the circular in June 2020: provisions in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021, that added section 2319C to Title 18, United States Code, regarding criminal penalties for copyright infringement, and a new chapter 15 to Title 17, the Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement (CASE) Act of 2020. This legislation was signed into law in December 2020.

17 October 1941 - History


New York Times , November 2, 1941.

The Reich Government makes the following official announcement:

I. The President of the United States of America made the following statements in a speech Oct. 28:

"The Government of the United States is in possession of a secret map which was prepared in Germany by the Reich Government. It is a map of Middle South America as the Fuehrer wants to reorganize it in that he wants to make five subject states out of fourteen countries in this area and thereby bring the entire South American continent under his control. One of these five states allegedly should include the Republic of Panama as well as the Panama Canal.

"The American Government is in possession of a second document which was composed by the Reich government. This document contains a plan eliminating all existing religions in the world after the war is won by Germany. Catholic, Protestant, Mohammedan, Hindu, Buddhist and Jewish religions are to be removed in the same way, church property confiscated, the crucifix and all other religious symbols forbidden, the clergy brought to silence under the penalty of the concentration camp.

"In place of the churches an international National Socialist church is to be established in which the speakers sent out by the National Socialist Government would perform offices. In place of the Bible, words out of the Fuehrer's book, "Mein Kampf," would be imposed by force and enforced as Holy Writ. The crucifix is to be replaced by the swastika and the naked sword and finally the Fuehrer is to take the place of God."

In answer the Reich Government declares:

1. There exists neither map prepared in Germany by the Reich Government regarding the dividing up of Central South America nor document pronounced by the Reich Government regarding the dissolution of religions in the world. Therefore both are forgeries of the clumsiest, grossest type.

2. Assertions of the conquest of South America by Germany and elimination of the religions of the churches in the world and their replacement by the National Socialist church are so nonsensical and absurd that it is superfluous for the Reich Government to discuss them.

The Reich Government has notified through diplomatic channels all neutral governments, including the Central South American governments, of the above.

II. The President of the United States of America declared in his speech of Oct. 28 that an American destroyer was attacked by German naval forces on Sept. 4 and another American destroyer on Oct. 17. The American Government was willing to avoid shooting. But the shooting has begun and history has established who fired the first shot. America has been attacked.

Reports of German U-boat commanders and published official declaration of the American Navy authorities actually show the following circumstances:

The American destroyer Greer was involved in an incident Sept. 4, the American destroyer Kearney in an incident Oct. 17. The destroyer Greer pursued a German U-boat for hours in close military cooperation with English naval forces. In the course of this pursuit this German U-boat, which was under water, was attacked with depth bombs.

Only after this attack did the German U-boat use its weapons. The destroyer continued its pursuit with depth bombs for a number of hours.

The destroyer Kearny was sailing as protector of one convoy as it received a call for help from a second convoy which was in battle action with German naval forces in another part of the Atlantic Ocean. The Kearny thereupon changed courses, went to the scene of the battle and attacked the German U-boat with depth bombs.

The American Secretary for the Navy, Knox, himself has confirmed that the Kearny has dropped depth charges and that not until some time after were three torpedoes fired at her, one of which struck the destroyer.

The Reich Government, therefore, declares that, first, the version given by President Roosevelt in his speech, that American destroyers had been attacked by German naval forces and that therefore Germany had attacked America, is not in accordance with the facts, and is, indeed, contradicted by the official statements of the American naval authorities themselves.

Secondly, that quite on the contrary, the two American destroyers had attacked German submarines and that therefore the United States had attacked Germany, a fact which has also been confirmed by the American naval authorities.

Contents of Volume XCIII January 2019 Number One In This Issue January 2019 Overview by John D. Roth, editor In This Issue “Part of the Authority Structure”: An Organizational History of Mennonite Indian Residential Schools in Ontario Anthony G. Siegrist Henry VIII’s March 1535 Proclamation against Anabaptists Reconsidered&hellip

Contents of Volume XCIII July 2019 Number Three In This Issue July 2019 Overview by John D. Roth, editor The Lawndale Choice: Singing Mennonite from the City Austin McCabe Juhnke “Nurse Without a Country”: When a Mennonite Who Refused to Bear Arms Prevailed in Her Bid for&hellip

Watch the video: Το Ολοκαύτωμα των Κερδυλίων. 17 Οκτωβρίου 1941 (May 2022).