History Podcasts

Billy Cook

Billy Cook

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

William (Billy) Cook was born in Preston on 16th January 1882. A full-back, he joined Preston North End in 1901 but he never played for the first-team. After spells with Ashton Town and Rossendale United he joined Oldham Athletic in 1907.

In April 1915 Billy Cook was playing in a game against Middlesbrough at Ayresome Park. At the time Oldham Athletic was challenging for the First Division title. Middlesbrough quickly took a 3-0 goal lead. The Oldham players believed that the third goal should have been disallowed. They were further annoyed when they had a penalty appeal turned down.

Early in the second-half Cook fouled Willie Carr and Middlesbrough scored the penalty to extend their lead to 4-1. Soon afterwards Cook brought down Carr again. The referee decided to send off Cook for persistent fouling. However, Cook refused to leave the field and the referee was forced to abandon the match. As a result, Oldham Athletic was fined £350 and Cook was banned by the Football Association for twelve months.

Cook continued to play for Oldham Athletic after the First World War. When he retired from professional football in 1919 he had scored 16 goals in 157 games for the club.

Billy Cook died in 1947.

Alex Leake : International Record

Below are Billy Cook roping saddles for sale from eBay and HorseSaddleShop. This page makes it easy to compare prices between them all in this one page. The Billy Cook saddles on eBay are both new and used. The ones from HorseSaddleShop are mostly new, but they occasionally have a used one for sale, too.

From eBay and HorseSaddleShop

The Billy Cook roping saddles from Amazon, HorseSaddleShop, and State Line Tack are mostly new. However, you can occasionally find a used used Billy Cook roper on HorseSaddleShop.

I'm a freelance writer specializing in the history of the Ozarks and surrounding region. I've written eighteen nonfiction books, two historical novels, and numerous articles. My latest books are Bigamy and Bloodshed: The Scandal of Emma Molloy and the Murder of Sarah Graham, Midnight Assassinations and Other Evildoings: A Criminal History of Jasper County, Mo. and Lynchings, Murders, and Other Nefarious Deeds: A Criminal History of Greene County, Mo.

The Funeral of Mass Murderer Bill Cook


Any idea why so many came to view his body? I know that it was common in the 1800's, and probably for century's before that, for outlaws to be displayed and viewed this way. It seems like some traveled a long way for this. It just strikes me as odd. Now , like most of your other posts, I have to do more digging for answers. I love your blog, keep 'em comin'.

Yes, you're right that it was common for people to flock to view the bodies of infamous outlaws in the late 1800s and early 1900s. I guess it continued at least up through the early 1950s, at least in Cook's case. Used to be common also for people to treat public hangings almost like picnics, back in the mid to late 1800s, before officials started putting up stockades around the scaffold and only admitting a limited number of people inside the stockade. This change occurred sometime in the late 1800s, probably around 1890 or so, depending on the location. Even after stockades came into use, people would climb up trees, etc. to try to get a glimpse of the proceeding inside the stockade.

My late husband was a childhood friend of Bill Cook and always said he could not imagine why or how Bill could have killed that family. To his thinking, Bill was just another good old boy of Joplin, MO. In fact they caddied together at the Schifferdecker golf course when they were teens.

Also, consider that the manhunt for Cook was the largest in U.S. history up to that point, involving more than 2,000 law enforcement officers across 25 states, federal authorities and the Mexican Police. It was a national story, followed by two murder trials in two states. Those facts increased curiosity as to what the man who caused such a manhunt looked like.

Good point, Unknown. Bill Cook was not your run-of-the-mill criminal. As you said, the Mosser murders and the hunt for their killer was a national story.

I met Bill Cook when I was eight years old. He was sitting across the street from my house watching children play on the school play ground in Pitcher Oklahoma. He called me over to him but I did not go. I ran. I did see the tattoo on his fingers(hard luck)

Unknown, what year would this have been? I assume it was before Cook killed the Mosser family.


Background Edit

Walter (Walt) A. Anderson (1880–1963), a cook, had been running food stands in Wichita since 1916 when he opened his first diner in a converted streetcar. After a second and third location, he was looking to open a fourth location when he met Edgar Waldo "Billy" A. Ingram, an insurance and real-estate man, and together they started the White Castle chain.

Founding and early activity Edit

White Castle was founded in March 1921 in Wichita, Kansas. [10] Anderson partnered with Ingram to make White Castle into a chain of restaurants and market the brand and its distinctive product.

Anderson and Ingram started with only $700 for the original White Castle in Wichita, Kansas. The original location was the northwest corner of First and Main the building is no longer standing. [10]

At the time, Americans were hesitant to eat ground beef after Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel The Jungle had publicized the poor sanitation practices of the meat packing industry. The founders set out to change the public's perception of the cleanliness of the industry they were creating. To invoke a feeling of cleanliness, their restaurants were small buildings with stainless steel interiors, and employees outfitted with spotless uniforms. Their first restaurants in Wichita, Kansas, were a success, and the company branched out into other Midwestern markets, starting in 1922 with El Dorado, Kansas.

1925: White Castle Official House Organ, success, expansion and imitators Edit

The company also began publishing its own internal employee magazine, the White Castle Official House Organ, circa November 1925 (it was originally named The Hot Hamburger). The bulk of the material was contributed by company personnel and consisted mostly of letters and photographs of workers, promotional announcements, 25-year milestones, retirements, and similar items of interest arranged by geographic area. "Employees could. read about the progress and innovations made by those in other areas which made everyone aware of the entire system's direction and condition." [11] The White Castle Official House Organ was published quarterly at least through the early 1980s, and at some point was renamed The Slider Times. The Ohio Historical Society houses an extensive archive of White Castle System, Inc. records from 1921 to 1991, including issues dating from 1927 to 1970 of the White Castle Official House Organ. [12]

The earliest buildings, such as Indianapolis White Castle #3, built in 1927, had exteriors of white enamel-glazed brick and interiors of enameled steel. The Indianapolis unit was in operation until 1979, making it, at the time of its closure, the longest-operating fast food restaurant in the country. The company constructed this style of building from 1924 to 1929. [13] White Castle Building No. 8, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, originally built in 1936 and remodeled (photo in infobox above), is an example of the chain's buildings with prefabricated white porcelain enamel on steel exteriors. The building measured 28 feet (8.5 m) by 28 feet (8.5 m) and was made to resemble the Chicago Water Tower, with octagonal buttresses, crenelated towers, and a parapet wall. [14] [15]

The success of White Castle led to numerous imitators. Restaurants copied the distinctive architecture of White Castle buildings, as well as created confusion for consumers by using a similar name. The first of these imitators in Wichita was Little Kastle. Many competitors created their names with a play on the White Castle name. Some restaurant chains just replaced the word "Castle" with their own word (Cabin, Cap, Clock, Crescent, Diamond, Dome, Fortress, Grille, House, Hut, Kitchen, Knight, Log, Manna, Mill, Palace, Plaza, Shop, Spot, Tavern, Tower, Turret, Wonder), while others chose to replace "White" with another color or adjective (Blue, King's, Little, Magic, Modern, Prince's, Red, Royal, Silver). Some of the other imitators included Castle Blanca, Blue Beacon, Blue Bell, Blue Tower, Red Barn, Red Lantern, and Klover Kastle. Despite all the competition, none of the competitors was able to match the success of White Castle. [16]

1932: Paperlynen subsidiary Edit

Since fast food was unknown in the United States at the time of White Castle's founding, there was no infrastructure to support the business, as is common with today's fast-food restaurants. The company established centralized bakeries, meat supply plants, and warehouses to supply itself. It was said that the only things that they did not do themselves were raise the cows and grow their own wheat. Ingram developed a device to produce previously unheard of paper hats (for employees to wear as part of the uniform).

In 1932, Ingram set up a subsidiary, Paperlynen, to produce these hats and other paper products used in his restaurants as well as for many other purposes. At the time, White Castle's distribution stretched from Wichita to New York. Ingram decided the central office should be in the center of the distribution area. (To accommodate this, in 1936, the central office would relocate to Columbus, Ohio. Furthermore, in the same year, Ingram decided to close all of the restaurants in the two smallest-profit markets, Wichita and Omaha.)

In 1955, Paperlynen produced over 42 million paper hats worldwide with more than 25,000 different inscriptions. [17]

1934: Porcelain Steel Buildings subsidiary Edit

White Castle also created a subsidiary in 1934 named Porcelain Steel Buildings that manufactured movable, prefabricated, steel frame structures with porcelain enamel interior and exterior panels that could be assembled at any of its restaurant sites. [14] This is the first known use of this material in a building design.

Buyout of Anderson, headquarters relocation, and expansion Edit

In 1933, Anderson sold his half of the business to Ingram, and the following year the company moved its corporate headquarters to Columbus, Ohio. Co-founder Billy Ingram was followed as head of the firm by his son E. W. Ingram Jr. and grandson E. W. Ingram III.

In 1959, White Castle expanded into new markets for the first time since the 1920s. [18] Billy Ingram, who had retired to Miami in 1958, built three White Castle restaurants there. The company closed the Florida operations in 1967 due to inefficient supply distribution. [19]

Throughout its existence, White Castle has been a private company and relied on company-owned stores. It remains privately held today, and its restaurants are all company-owned none is franchised, [ clarification needed ] except very briefly in Japan during the 1980s [20] and more recently in China since 2017. [21]

Cravers' Hall of Fame Edit

In concurrence with its 80th anniversary in 2001, White Castle started its Cravers' Hall of Fame. "Cravers" are inducted annually based on stories written about them by another person or that the particular Craver submits for consideration. Between five and 10 stories have been chosen each year, with a grand total of 64 stories selected through the 2007 induction class. This represents less than 1% of the total stories submitted since the inception of the Cravers' Hall of Fame, an indication of the exclusivity of the honor.

Inductees are invited to attend the White Castle Leadership Conference in the chain's hometown of Columbus, Ohio, with full travel, dining and hotel accommodation expenses covered. Furthermore, each inductee receives a celebratory plaque in front of hundreds of White Castle leadership and operations team members.

Location expansion and vegetable sliders Edit

The first White Castle in the far western United States opened at the Casino Royale Hotel & Casino on the Las Vegas Strip on January 27, 2015. [22] This was the first expansion for White Castle into a region outside the Midwest and Northeast in 56 years. On the first day of business, demand for food was so great that the restaurant had to temporarily close for two hours to restock. [23] White Castle Vice President Jamie Richardson said that the store sold 4,000 sliders per hour in its first 12 hours. He was not aware of any similar closing due to unexepected demand in White Castle's 94-year history. A second White Castle location opened in Las Vegas on September 22, 2017, on Fremont Street, and a third opened in Jean not long after.

In September 2015, White Castle began to offer Veggie Sliders with dairy-free buns to provide a vegan option. [24]

In December 2015, White Castle announced that chief executive officer (CEO) E.W. “Bill” Ingram III would step down at the end of the year, but continue to be chairman of the board. His daughter, Lisa Ingram, then became the fourth CEO of the company. [25] [3]

In 2018, White Castle began offering meat-free Impossible Burgers designed to closely mimic the flavor and texture of beef burgers. [26]

The first White Castle location in Arizona opened in Scottsdale on October 23, 2019. [27]

White Castle announced on November 25, 2019, that the chain would return to Florida after previously leaving the state in 1968, with plans to open the first restaurant in Orlando. [28] A ghost kitchen, operated out of the restaurant while it was under construction, overloaded Uber Eats when it opened for one day on February 24, 2021. [29] The Orlando location opened on May 3, 2021. [30] It is the world's largest White Castle, located on Daryl Carter Parkway off Interstate 4. The opening coincided with White Castle's 100th anniversary.

United States Edit

The Ingram family's steadfast refusal to franchise or take on debt throughout the company's existence has kept the chain relatively small, with a more discontinuous geography than its principal competitors. There are 377 White Castle outlets, predominantly in the Midwest, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The exceptions are about 50 in the New York - New Jersey metropolitan area, three locations around Las Vegas, Nevada, one in Scottsdale, Arizona, one in Orlando, Florida, and two in Shanghai, China. By comparison, there are over 36,000 McDonald's locations globally, with approximately 14,000 of those in the United States. [31] The chain does, however, sell frozen sliders at supermarkets nationwide, with availability varying by chain.

Current White Castle markets in the United States:

Louisville and Columbus also house bulk-manufacturing (grocery-store sales, meat, and bun production) divisions. Company headquarters and the Porcelain Steel Buildings division are in Columbus, Ohio.

In the early 2000s, White Castle tried expanding into three new cities, Philadelphia, Kansas City, and Cleveland-Akron. Those restaurants closed within several years. White Castle exited Cleveland-Akron effective December 25, 2014. [32]

International activities Edit

Through franchise deals with local corporate business partners, White Castle briefly had restaurants outside of the United States in Singapore, Malaysia, and Japan during the late 1980s and early 1990s, but the concept never caught on in those countries. [33] During the same time period, White Castle also tried to establish franchised operations in Mexico and South Korea, but these restaurants also failed. [34] The lone Korean restaurant in Seoul was quietly closed by 1993. [35]

In 1986, White Castle opened its first Japanese restaurant in the city of Osaka via a franchise deal with a Japanese company. [36] [20] There are no reliable records that show when this location closed and when the company finally left the Japanese marketplace. By the end of 1986, the Japanese franchise had six restaurants with a seventh opened by the following year. [37]

In June 1989, White Castle and its local franchise partner Innovest Bhd. opened seven restaurants in Malaysia. Innovest franchise territory included Malaysia and Singapore, and the company had plans to open three more restaurants by the end of the year, with the possibility of having a total of 20 restaurants within its two country region by the following year. [37] [38] There is no evidence if the company did or did not achieve their goals, and there are no reliable sources that describe the fate of these restaurants and when all of these restaurants had finally closed.

The first White Castle franchised location in Mexico opened in Mexico City in 1996, but it also closed after a brief trial run. [39] [40]

In 2017, White Castle opened its first and second restaurants in China in the city of Shanghai through a partnership with Shanghai-based ClearVue Partners. In addition to beef sliders, the Shanghai location also sells a spicy tofu slider and a cherry duck slider, which is smoked duck topped with a sweet cherry sauce. At the time of their openings, these two restaurants were the only White Castle restaurants located outside of the United States. [21]

Although White Castle has never opened any restaurants in Canada, Canadians have been able to purchase White Castle hamburgers from the frozen foods section in select Canadian grocery and convenience stores since 2015 and more recently at Walmart. [41]

White Castle also markets its sandwiches in 30-hamburger boxes, called a Crave Case. [43] The figure of 30 burgers represents the number that can be produced on one of its standard grills at the same time. [44] A "Crave Crate" is also offered, with the contents being 100 burgers. [43] [45]

A variety of White Castle products (mostly frozen) are also sold in grocery stores. [46]

Some locations had been cobranded with Church's Chicken. [47] Church's is a national fried chicken chain of restaurants. That co-branding arrangement ended around 2010.

Around 2012, White Castle experimented with the Laughing Noodle brand that was to share space with White Castle restaurants. The Laughing Noodle concept was discarded a few years later. The Laughing Noodle brand was developed to offer supplemental variety to a White Castle Restaurant. At least one such location was constructed and operated in Sharonville, Ohio. [48]

Although White Castle originated in Wichita, Kansas, the city has not had a restaurant since 1938, nor is there a White Castle restaurant in the entire state of Kansas. White Castle is one of the few restaurant chains that does not have a location in its original city. [8] In the early 2000s, White Castle tried expanding into the Kansas City market, with at least one location in Kansas, but those restaurants were closed several years later.

In April 2020, White Castle respond to the COVID-19 pandemic by announcing that the chain would be delivering free meals to healthcare workers. [49] White Castle also offered a free dessert in the month of May 2021 to anyone who showed a vaccination certificate.

Anderson is credited with the invention of the hamburger bun [50] as well as "the kitchen as assembly line, and the cook as infinitely replaceable technician," [51] hence giving rise to the modern fast-food phenomenon. Due to White Castle's innovation of having chain-wide standardized methods, customers could be sure that they would receive the same product and service in every White Castle restaurant. [52]

Ingram's business savvy not only was responsible for White Castle's success but for the popularization of the hamburger. [53] On January 14, 2014, Time labeled the White Castle slider as the most influential burger of all time. [9]

Harold & Kumar Go to White Castle is a 2004 stoner comedy film following the characters of Harold and Kumar as they decide to go to the fast food chain White Castle after smoking marijuana but end up on a series of comical misadventures along the way.

Starting in 2011, a White Castle on Long Island has become a frequent setting for challenges on the show Impractical Jokers, during which the contestants pose as cashiers, drive-thru workers, and janitors. [ citation needed ]

Season 2, episode 9 of The Food that Built America includes features about White Castle. [54] In The King of Queens sitcom Doug Heffernan (Kevin James) often remarks about his desire to go to White Castle.

Original saddles by Billy Cook have special markings that distinguish them from imitation products.
For instance, original ones include an etching on top of the saddle horn with the details “Billy Cook/ Saddlery/ Greenville, Texas”.

In addition, there is a leather stamp that includes the name of the maker (Billy Cook), place where it was manufactured (Greenville, Texas), and the model number. The serial number is stamped deeply in the leather located under the jockey, which also includes the year of manufacture.

During the late 1980s, Billy had to close down his shop and decided to sell his patents to the Longhorn Saddle Company. It was during this time that the maker mark was permanently changed to “Billy Cook Saddle Maker Sulphur, OK. These Sulphur saddles were primarily assembly saddles that come with the name Billy Cook on each.

They also include a “Longhorn Saddlery” tamp below the right jockey. Nevertheless, original Billy Cook saddles that were produced in the 70s and 80s, in Greenville, as still considered as one of the finest cutting and barrel saddles.

These contain authentic wooden rawhide-covered trees, as well as larger skirts and jockeys to distribute the rider’s weight more evenly.

Used Billy Cook Saddles

If someone on eBay (or anywhere else, for that matter) says they have a used Billy Cook saddle for sale, is it really a Billy Cook?

Like we mentioned at the top of this page, some sellers offering a saddle for sale might use the words “Billy Cook” when describing a saddle even though it isn’t a Billy Cook. This doesn’t necessarily mean the seller is dishonest. For example, they could say something like: “This saddle rides great, just like a Billy Cook I used to have.” We’ve seen it happen occasionally and it can be confusing if you don’t read the page carefully.

Also, it’s not uncommon for used saddles to be sold with or without stirrups, latigos, cinches (front or back), or other common items we think of as being part of a saddle. Be sure you know exactly what you are, and are not, getting with your purchase.

Billy Cook

Copyright © 2000-2021 Sports Reference LLC. All rights reserved.

Much of the play-by-play, game results, and transaction information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

Win Expectancy, Run Expectancy, and Leverage Index calculations provided by Tom Tango of InsideTheBook.com, and co-author of The Book: Playing the Percentages in Baseball.

Total Zone Rating and initial framework for Wins above Replacement calculations provided by Sean Smith.

Full-year historical Major League statistics provided by Pete Palmer and Gary Gillette of Hidden Game Sports.

Some defensive statistics Copyright © Baseball Info Solutions, 2010-2021.

Some high school data is courtesy David McWater.

Many historical player head shots courtesy of David Davis. Many thanks to him. All images are property the copyright holder and are displayed here for informational purposes only.

Billy Cook Saddlery

This is a custom built REAL Billy Cook made in Sulphur OK. and is the nicest one I have ever seen.

Billy Cook Cutting Saddle

Billy Cook (Sulphur OK.) Cutting Saddle--

Saddle is in EXCELLENT condition and little used.

Billy Cook Roping Saddle

Does not have a back girth or stirrup hobble straps--

Save $1,300 over the new price on a like-new saddle with approx. six rides on it.

Best Western Saddle Brands #1 – Circle Y Saddles

Circle Y saddle brand made the top 5 best western saddle brands for a few very good reasons. Keep reading…


The Circle Y saddle brand was started in Yoakum, Texas in 1960. The brand was found by Leland Tucker and has remained a family-owned and operated business ever since. Famous horse riders that use Circle Y saddles include Martha Josey, who won the 1980 World Barrel Racing Champion.


The Circle Y saddle brand is renowned for its western saddles. This saddle making brand produces many different western saddles.

For example, you can buy a Circle Y saddle that is tailored for ranch work, roping, show, training, mounted shooting and more. You can also find Circle Y brand youth saddles.

However, the Circle Y saddle brand also makes other necessary products for western riding.

Some products include cinches, tie straps, headstalls, halters, collars, straps, reins, nosebands, curbs, spurs, fenders, pads and more.

One of the most distinctive features of Circle Y western saddles is their Flex-Lite tree technology. This new and one-of-a-kind Flex-Lite Tree allows Circle Y western saddles to fit more horses than any other saddle from any other brand.


What I think makes the Circle Y saddle brand awesome is that they use high-quality material. Famous horse riders such as Martha Josey and Julie Goodnight only authorize Circle Y to design their saddles.

This ensures that their saddles are durable and will last for years, no matter how roughly they are used. I can testify that after multiple rough rides that I have taken with my Circle Y saddle, it’s still holding up.

Billy Cook Saddle Reviews #3

In addition, because we were on some very narrow trails, my horse was able to concentrate on the trail ahead. Even on the second day, my horse did not shy away from the saddle when it came time to get back to the trails in the morning.

This only proves to me that the horse liked the saddle as much as I did.

Plenty of Straps to Secure Saddlebags & Bedding

The saddle also contains plenty of straps for tying on bedding or saddlebags . The flank strap was wide and correctly positioned for my quarter horse. I really cannot find anything to complain about in the saddle.

Because of the high-quality craftsmanship, I believe my Billy Cook Saddle is going to last me a lifetime. I’m looking forward to buying a Billy Cook Saddle for myself. My son has become quite the horsemen himself.

I know when I am gone, he’ll have fine memories of me when he rides in one of these Billy Cook saddles. Now, I’m not tooting my own horn, but isn’t this one of the best Billy Cook Saddle reviews you’ve read online?

Click here to buy a Billy Cook Saddle. Tell us your experience by leaving a comment below!

Watch the video: Billy teaching Eric how to cook (May 2022).