USS Schenck (DD-159/ AG-82)
USS Schenck (DD-159/ AG-82) was a Wickes class destroyer that served on convoy escort duties in the Atlantic and in a hunter-killer group, taking part in the sinking of U-645
The Schenck was named after an officer in the US Navy who served in the Mexican War and the American Civil War, retiring with the rank of rear admiral.
The Schenck was laid down by the New York Shipbuilding Co. on 26 March 1918, launched on 23 April 1919 and commissioned on 30 October 1919. She joined the Atlantic Fleet, and spent most of her time operating along the east coast. In July-September 1920 she patrolled off the east coast of Mexico, and in 1921 she took part in fleet exercises in the Caribbean. She was reduced to half complement on 7 November 1921 and decommissioned on 9 June 1922.
During 1920 her executive office, and briefly commander (from 29 September to 5 October) was John L. Hall, who later went on to hold senior posts during the D-Day invasions and the invasion of Okinawa. In March 1920 she helped tow the British merchanship Crostafels off Ceiba Bank, where she had run aground.
The Schenck was recomissisioned on 1 May 1930. She took part in a reservist training during the summer of 1930. In January 1931 she took part in Fleet Problem XII in the Caribbean. In 1932 she took part in Fleet Problem XIII off Hawaii. She then remained in the Pacific as part of the Scouting Fleet until June 1932. In February 1933 she returned to the Pacific for Fleet Problem XIV, and remained there until April 1934. She then returned to the Caribbean for more exercises. Between May 1935 and the outbreak of the Second World War she alternated between the rotating reserve and periods training naval reservists and midshipmen.
On 9 September 1939 the Schenck joined the Neutrality Patrol, at first off the east coast and later from Key West. In the summer of 1940 she took part in two midshipmen cruises from the Naval Acadamy at Annapolis. She then returned to patrol duties in the Caribbean, operating there from 22 August-8 December 1940, 15 January-18 March 1941 and 27 June-14 July 1941. In April 1941 she trained off Nantucket with Cruiser Division 7.
In mid September she moved to Argentia, Newfoundland, where she began to escort convoys to the mid ocean meeting point, where the Royal Navy took over. Her first convoy left Argentia on 29 September, and she spent most of her time between then and April 1943 operatingf on the Argentia to Iceland route. Between 19 February and 8 May 1942 and 18 August 1942-23 March 1943 she was based on Iceland. Only two of her convoys were attacked, the first on 15 August 1942, the second on 6-8 February 1943.
During the summer of 1943 she escorted convoys between the east coast, the Caribbean and North Africa. Late in 1943 she joined a hunter-killer group based around the escort carrier USS Card (CVE-11). On 24 December 1943 this group found a wolf pack, beginning a short but costly battle. The Card's group sank U-645, but soon afterwards the U-boats sank the destroyer USS Leary (DD-158). The Schenck helped pick the few survivors from the Leary, while the Decatur (DD-341) screened the carrier against any further attacks.
Between February and March 1944 the Schenck escorted a convoy to Casablanca and another one back to the US. Between 17 April and 10 June she escorted the Antaeus (AG-67) as she carried troops along the US east coast. From 10 July-29 August she was used to help train submarines at Bermuda.
She then entered the Brooklyn Navy Yard, where her armament was removed. She then became a torpedo target ship, serving under the Commander, Air Force, Atlantic Fleet, becoming AG-82 on 25 September 1944. During this period she was twice hit by practise torpedoes that were running too shallow and one by an aircraft flying too low.
The Schenck was decommissioned on 17 May 1946, struck off on 5 June 1946 and sold for scrap on 25 November 1946.
The Schenk earned two battle stars during the Second World War, both for the same period. One was for her role in Task Group 21.14 between 2 December 1943 and 2 January 1944, the second was for her part in an attack on a wolf pack on 24 December 1943 that resulting in the sinking of U-645.
2 shaft Parsons turbines
3,800nm at 15kts on trial (Wickes)
Armour - belt
Armaments (as built)
Four 4in/50 guns
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Henry R. Mallory
USS Henry R. Mallory arrives in New York with troops from France in 1919. US Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH99071
At 06.59 hours on 7 Feb 1943 the Henry R. Mallory (Master Horace Rudolph Weaver) in station #33 of convoy SC-118 was torpedoed by U-402 about 600 miles south-southwest of Iceland. One torpedo struck on the starboard side at the #3 hold. The explosion damaged the main steam line, destroyed the oil pump and engine room gauges and blew off the #4 hatch covers. The stern settled quickly and gradually began to list to port until it sank 30 minutes after the hit. The ship had ten lifeboats for the nine officers, 68 crewmen, 34 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in, two 3in and eight 20mm guns) and 383 passengers (136 US Army, 72 US Marine Corps, 173 US Navy and 2 civilians). Two of them were destroyed by the explosion, a third could not be launched and two more on either side capsized in the rough seas. Only three boats with 175 men cleared the ship, many others jumped into the water and tried to reach the rafts.
None of the other ships in convoy knew that the troop transport had been hit. USS Schenck (DD 159) searched for survivors from the Toward and saw lights in the distance. The skipper requested permission to investigate the lights, but it was denied. The survivors were found four hours after the sinking by USCGC Bibb (WPG 31), it was only then that it was discovered the Henry R. Mallory had been hit. The cutter rescued 205 survivors of which three later died and USCGC Ingham (WPG 35) picked up 22 additional survivors, but two of them died later. The master, 48 crew members, 15 armed guards and 208 passengers were lost.
Location of attack on Henry R. Mallory.
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なお、ファーストネームのスペルは "Laurance" であり、ローレンス・オリヴィエ（Lord Laurence Olivier）などの "Laurence" ではない   。また、姓の "DuBose" の日本語読みは「デュボース」、「デュボーズ」と統一されていない。「デュ・ボース（デュ・ボーズ）」と区切る文献もある  。姓のスペルは、アーリントン国立墓地の墓碑では "Du BOSE" と、間を若干離している  。
“ラリー”こと、ローレンス・トゥームズ・デュボースは1893年5月21日、ワシントンD.C.に生まれる  。デュボースには3人の姉妹がいた  。海軍兵学校（アナポリス）に進み、1913年に卒業  。卒業年次から「アナポリス1913年組」と呼称された [注釈 1] 。
候補生を経て少尉に任官し、以降はさまざまな艦や職務を歴任。1934年6月までは駆逐艦「 シェンク （英語版） 」 ( USS Schenck, DD-159 ) 艦長を務めた  。この間、1921年11月22日にはワシントンでガートルード・トンプソンと結婚し、1923年2月3日には一人娘のアン・ダウ・デュボースが生まれた  。やがてアン・ダウは1943年4月23日にロイヤル・K・ジョスリン・ジュニアと結婚し、1946年3月13日にはデュボースの孫にあたるパトリシア・ヘンリー・ジョスリンを産んだ  。
真珠湾攻撃後の1942年5月、デュボースは大佐に昇進して重巡洋艦「ポートランド」艦長となる   。当時「ポートランド」はトーマス・C・キンケイド少将（アナポリス1908年組）率いる攻撃部隊に属し、日本軍が5月4日から8日にかけて行ったポートモレスビー攻略に伴う珊瑚海海戦に参加した。この戦いで空母「レキシントン」 ( USS Lexington, CV-2 ) が失われ、「ポートランド」は「レキシントン」の生存者722名を救出した。続くミッドウェー海戦ではフランク・J・フレッチャー少将（アナポリス1906年組）率いる第17任務部隊に所属し、空母の護衛任務を担当した。「ポートランド」艦長時代初期のデュボースは、乗組員から「甘いP」 (Sweet ‘P.') というニックネームを授けられていた  。しかし、デュボースに率いられた「ポートランド」は、やがて「甘い」どころか激烈な戦場に飛び込んでいくこととなる。
「ポートランド」は8月7日から9日にはソロモン諸島のガダルカナル島、ツラギ島に上陸する海兵隊の支援を行い、以降もその後同海域に留まり連合軍の補給線の防衛任務に従事。8月23日から25日にかけて行われた第二次ソロモン海戦参加ののち一旦後退し、部隊に再合流するためギルバート諸島近海を通過中の10月15日にタラワを艦砲射撃し、測量艦「筑紫」や特設巡洋艦「浮島丸」（大阪商船、4,730トン）などを大いに狼狽させた  。10月26日、27日の南太平洋海戦において「ポートランド」は空母「エンタープライズ」 ( USS Enterprise, CV-6 ) の護衛を担当。海戦でデュボースは「ポートランド」を巧みに操って「エンタープライズ」を守りきり、その戦功が評価されてデュボースに1回目の海軍十字章が授けられた  。
間を置かず、「ポートランド」はダニエル・J・キャラハン少将の第67.4任務群に加わって、ガダルカナル島行の輸送船団の護衛を行う。南太平洋軍司令官ウィリアム・ハルゼー中将（アナポリス1904年組）は、輸送任務が終われば任務群は即座に退避するよう命じていたが  、ニュージョージア海峡を南下する阿部弘毅少将率いる日本艦隊の接近が報じられたため、キャラハンは決然として日本艦隊に立ち向かうこととなった  。11月12日深夜からの第三次ソロモン海戦では、「ポートランド」はキャラハンの旗艦である「サンフランシスコ」 ( USS San Francisco, CA-38 ) の後ろにあり  、日本艦隊の戦艦「比叡」と「霧島」に応戦したが、間を置かず駆逐艦「夕立」からの魚雷が「ポートランド」の右舷後部に直撃  。「ポートランド」はスクリューを損傷して操舵が困難となり、3番砲塔も損傷し砲塔は旋回不能となった  。艦は旋回を余儀なくされたが、生き残っていた砲塔で「比叡」に対して砲撃を行った  。朝になり、いまだ旋回を続けていた「ポートランド」は、すでに他の艦艇の攻撃で廃墟となっていた「夕立」に対して砲撃を行い、これを撃ち沈めて復讐を果たした  。「ポートランド」は大きな損傷を蒙ったものの生き残り、修理のため後送された。デュボースの「不屈の闘志」と「勇敢で献身的」な行為は高く評価され、2度目の海軍十字章に代わる金星章が授与された  。「ポートランド」はメア・アイランド海軍造船所で修理とオーバーホールに入り、その間にデュボースは少将に昇進して「ポートランド」に別れを告げた  。
少将となったデュボースは、第13巡洋艦部隊司令官となる。新鋭の軽巡洋艦「サンタフェ」 ( USS Santa Fe, CL-60 ) に将旗を掲げ、部隊は「バーミングハム」 ( USS Birmingham, CL-62 ) および「モービル」 ( USS Mobile, CL-63 ) とともに中部太平洋の戦いに加わった  。第13巡洋艦部隊はウェーク島攻撃、ガルヴァニック作戦、ブーゲンビル島の戦いの支援を手始めにレイモンド・スプルーアンス大将（アナポリス1907年組）の第5艦隊の中核の一つとして作戦に従事し  、1944年に入ってもクェゼリンの戦い、トラック島空襲、パラオ大空襲、ニューギニアの戦い支援、サイパンの戦いで第58任務部隊（マーク・ミッチャー中将）の支援を行う  。
1944年8月、デュボースの第13巡洋艦部隊は「ジョッコー」ジョゼフ・J・クラーク少将（アナポリス1918年組）の第58.1任務群とアルフレッド・A・モントゴメリー少将の第58.4任務群とともにスカベンジャー作戦の一環として小笠原諸島に接近  。部隊は「バーミングハム」に代わって「ビロクシ」 ( USS Biloxi, CL-80 ) と「オークランド」 ( USS Oakland, CL-95 ) が加わり、ほかに駆逐部隊も加勢して父島近海に進出し、ここで第4804船団の残党に遭遇する。8月4日夜、第4804船団から駆逐艦「松」が反転して第13巡洋艦部隊に挑んだ  。「松」の反撃は正確ではあったが、やがて第13巡洋艦部隊の猛打を浴びて沈没  。第4804船団の残存輸送船であった「利根川丸」（松岡汽船、4,997トン）も照明弾射撃で撃沈した   。
8月末、スプルーアンスの第5艦隊はハルゼーの第3艦隊と入れ替わり、デュボースは再びハルゼーの指揮下に入る。引き続き第38任務部隊（ミッチャー中将）とともに行動し、9月のペリリューの戦い支援を経て、10月からは沖縄、台湾およびフィリピンへの攻撃のためウルシー環礁を出撃した。10月10日に沖縄に対する空襲を行ったあと、2日後には台湾各地を空襲し、これに対して第一航空艦隊（寺岡謹平中将）と第二航空艦隊（福留繁中将）は攻撃隊を何度も出撃させた（台湾沖航空戦）。10月14日、重巡洋艦「キャンベラ」 ( USS Canberra, CA-70 ) と「ヒューストン」 ( USS Houston, CL-81 ) が日本機の雷撃で航行不能となり、デュボースの第13巡洋艦部隊が損傷艦の援護にあたることとなった。このころ、ハルゼーは日本側の放送を傍受して舞い上がった日本艦隊が出て来るであろうと予測し、第30.3.1任務群を臨時に編成させてデュボースに指揮をとらせた  。デュボースは4ノット未満しか出ない任務群を率い、ハルゼーの指示通りに絶えず遭難信号を発して辛抱の航海を続けた  。はたして、日本海軍は志摩清英中将率いる遊撃部隊を出撃させたが、偵察機が第38任務部隊の健在を確認したためハルゼーの罠にはかからず、遊撃部隊をひっこめさせて逆に第30.3.1任務群に対する新手の攻撃隊を繰り出し、手負いの「ヒューストン」に新たな損傷を与えた  。デュボースは10月17日まで任務群を指揮したあと、「キャンベラ」と「ヒューストン」をタグボートに委ねて第38任務部隊に合流していった  。
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USS Schenck (DD-159/ AG-82) - History
Charles K. Duncan passed away on June 24th, 1994 Oct. 23, 2002 Update
Source: Dec. 31, 1974 letter from Admiral Charles K. Duncan found in the SLC Association Memorabilia
Tidbits from letter:
There are a lot of unusual things about the Salt Lake City and she certainly gave me a nice start. One of the best ship companies I have ever seen.
A couple of unusual coincidences about the officer group. I reported aboard with four other classmate Ensigns. Of the five, myself becoming an Admiral & one died [Millener W. Thomas] />in a submarine in WWII. The other four all made Flag rank.
Unknown Drustrup, Rear Adm. CEC
Unknown Bowen, Vice Admiral
Thomas H. Moorer, Ensign [later "Admiral"] />
Even more of a coincidence were the officers aboard when we arrived and what happened to them.
Lt. Comdr. [then], Jerauld Wright was our gunnery officer. He attained four stars and became Commander in Chief Atlantic Fleet Commander in Chief Atlantic [the unified command) and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (The Nato Sea Command). These commands were held concurrently in the 50's.
Tom Morrer (class of 33) attained four stars. He became CinC Pacific Fleet, then Cin C Atlantic Fleet along with Cinclaut? and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic as above. Then he became Chief of Naval Operations, then Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, from which he retired July 1, 1974.
I attained four stars and became C in C Atlantic Fleet, Cin C Atlantic and Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic (1970-72). I was assistant turret officer, turret two, for a very shot time and was then assigned as assistant torpedo officer. I then had a 6 month tour as asst. navigator, then 6 months in engineering, then turret officer of turret 4 for about 2 years, then assistant Fire Control Officer in "F" Division. Roy Johnson (then Lt. (jg) or Lt.) was one of our aviators aboard for our four scout planes. He attained 4 stars and became C in C Pacific Fleet.
So, 3 of the officers aboard in 1933 later became Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet, Etc. One other became C in C of the Pacific Fleet.
Of the 3 above, one became CNO and then the first CNO in history to be promoted to the Chairman, JCS.
So there were at least 6 future Flag Officers (including 4 future 4 star officers) aboard at one time in 1933. This must be some kind of records.
I am sure every one of them, as I do, would acknowledge the part the fine crew and the other officers played in "educating" us, turning in superior performances and in general, helping us to become good naval officers.
Admiral Wright & Moorer are retired in the Washington area, as is Vice Adm. Bowen. Adm. Roy Johnson is retired in Virginia Beach. I don't know where R.? Drustrup is at present.
Born in Nicholasville, Kentucky, on December 7, 1911. Naval Officer. University of Kentucky, 1929.
He began his naval career at age 17 as a Naval Academy midshipman. Upon graduation in 1933, he was commissioned as Ensign, U.S. Navy, and served for five years aboard the cruiser,USS Salt Lake City, in the Pacific. He went to the Atlantic in 1938 to serve in several capacities aboard the destroyer Schenck (DD-159). He continued serving at sea as World War II approached, assigned to the staff of Commander Destroyers, Atlantic Fleet, at the time that command was formed in June, 1940. It was during that period, while turning over 50 destroyers to the British, that he met his wife, Sheila Taylor of Halifax, Nova Scotia, whom he married the following summer of 1941 in Bermuda.
He commissioned the destroyer Hutchins as executive officer in the Atlantic in 1942. After a short period in the Atlantic, he went with her to the Pacific, taking part in combat in the Aleutians and the South Pacific. He then commanded the destroyer Wilson, and saw action in the South and Central Pacific areas. He was awarded the Navy Commendation medal with Combat "V," and a Gold Star with Combat "V" in lieu of a second award.
He had three tours of duty in the Bureau of Personnel in Washington. He was Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Plans and Programs (1962-64) Executive Assistant to the Chief of Naval Personnel (1953-55), and Director of Naval Officer Procurement, Bureau of Naval Personnel (1944-46). More than 100,000 officers were commissioned while he held the latter position. During that period he also served as a member of the Navy's "Holloway Board," to "study the form, system, and method of education of Naval officers". The conclusions and recommendations of this board established the modern NROTC and provided also for direct commission of college graduates at the Officer Candidate School.
He held a sequence of three major Atlantic Fleet Commands: the U.S. Second Fleet and NATO's Striking Fleet Atlantic (1967-68) the Atlantic Fleet Amphibious Force (promoted to Vice Admiral) (1967-68), and the Atlantic Fleet Cruiser-Destroyer Force (1964-65). For his service as Commander Amphibious Force, he was awarded the Legion of Merit.
He was Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Manpower and Naval Reserve) and the Chief of Naval Personnel from April 1968 to August 1970. During this period he was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal "for exceptionally meritorious service."
He became NATO's seventh Supreme Allied Commander Atlantic on September 30, 1970, and at the same time became Commander in Chief Atlantic (the United States Unified Command) and the Commander in Chief of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. He retired from the U.S. Navy on November 1, 1972, in the grade of Admiral.
His postwar career involved assignments as a battleship executive officer, commanding officer of an amphibious ship, command of a destroyer division, and operations officer of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
He had been promoted to Rear Admiral in the summer of 1958, and immediately assigned as Commander Amphibious Group One (1958-59) and later as Commander Amphibious Training Command, Pacific Fleet (1959-61). In January 1961 he was assigned as Commander, U.S. Naval Base, Subic Bay, Philippines. During that tour he was President of a Philippines charitable association and also was Vice President of the Philippines Tubercular Association. He became an "adopted son" of the Provinces of Bataan and Zambales.
Upon retirement he moved to the country near Leesburg, Virginia, living there until January 1977, and becoming involved with local volunteer work. He continued to serve as a member of the Secretary of the Navy's Advisory Board on Education and Training, and as a member of the Board of Advisors to the President, U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He now is a resident of Coronado, California.
In the spring of 1974, he was installed in Athens as honorary President of the Greek National Organization Encouraging NATO's Aims.
As Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic, where he conducted the largest NATO naval exercises held at that time, he received the Award of the Grand Cross of the Order of Oranje Nassau with Swords from Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands, and the Grand Cross of the Order of AVIS (the oldest military order) from Portugal.
In 1981, he became a member of the Board of Trustees of the San Diego Museum of Art. In 1984, he was elected as a member of France's Acadmie de Marine.
Member of the Chevy Chase Club, and an Episcopalian, he also was named a Kentucky Colonel. He maintained his ties with Lexington, having moved to the city at age nine and attending University High School, Kavanaugh Preparatory School, and the University, before entering the Naval Academy. His mother was a full professor at UK.
Charles Kenney Duncan was named to the Hall of Distinguished Alumni in February 1965.
Nantucket Sound, MA. – April 2, 1974
Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts – April 2, 1974
On the evening of April 2, 1974, a Piper Aztec N-23 turbo with four men aboard left Nantucket Island bound for Hyannis, Massachusetts. While over Nantucket Sound the aircraft abruptly disappeared from radar, and went down between Hyannis and Handkerchief Shoals. A search and rescue operation was initiated, and one body was later recovered, along with some debris from the aircraft. The main portion of the plane was not recovered. The suspected cause of the accident was a faulty altimeter.
Providence Evening Bulletin, On Plane Sought Off Hyannis”, April 3, 1974, page A-11
Providence Journal, “Body Found Near Ocean Air Crash Site”, April 4, 1974, page A-19
Westerly Sun, “Suspend Search Off Cape Coast”, April 4, 1974, Page 10.
USS Schenck (DD-159/ AG-82) - History
INTERNATIONAL : France, the U.K. and the U.S. protest Japanese military moves in China stating that there is no evidence of any offensive intent on the part of Chinese.
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PERU : Twenty four nations of North and South America sign the Declaration of Lima, a pledge of collective protection against foreign aggression.
ITALY: Rome: In a delicately phrased Christmas address to his College of Cardinals today, Pope Pius XII spoke of the right of all nations - strong and weak - to life and independence. "When this equality of rights has been destroyed or damaged or imperilled, the juridicial order calls for reparation and justice," he added.
Peace, he said, must be founded on disarmament. "The nations must be freed from the burden of armament races and from the danger that material forces may be come not the defender but the tyrannical violator of right." The pope appealed for a peace conference at which "lessons could be drawn from past experience".
FINLAND : The first group of Finnish American volunteers arrive in Finland.List of site sources >>>