Stanley Hollis won the only Victoria Cross awarded on D-Day -June 6th 1944. Stanley Hollis, VC, was a Sergeant-Major in the Green Howards' when he stormed Gold Beach at Normandy. The landings at Gold Beach had been relatively easy in terms of casualties lost. However, the Germans did have defensive positions on the beach and behind it and these posed a potential problem for the advancing British troops ordered to take the beach.
The reply by the Privy Council to Mary's letter to them outlining why she was the rightful successor to Edward VI was less than enthusiastic. Not only did it support Lady Jane's right to be queen but it also emphasised that the law had made Mary illegitimate with no right to the throne. It also gave a veiled warning that Mary's loyalty to Jane was an expectation and that she should be very wary of stirring up support for her cause amongst the people.
Hiroshima was the first city ever targeted to be bombed by an atomic weapon, known as “Little Boy”. The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are seen as near enough the end of World War Two. In World War Two, as the war drew to an end, such a terrible ending could never have been understood by the people of the day as so few people understood the power of atomic energy.
The Danish Resistance movement during World War Two was in a curious position. In theory, Denmark was not officially at war with Nazi Germany (though clearly Denmark had been illegally occupied by the Germans in 1940) as the government had not declared war on Germany. The government and king, Christian X, had made a formal protest but agreed to a German decision that gave Denmark 'independence' despite having German troops stationed there against the wishes of the Danish government.
Roy Chadwick is best known for his work designing the World War Two bomber, the Avro Lancaster. Chadwick's Lancaster gained international fame after the success of the 1943 Dambuster Raid. Chadwick himself played a part in the raid, as he had to redesign the bomb bay to fit in the 'bouncing bomb' designed by Barnes Wallis.
Chain Home was the title given to the radar defence established in Britain in the years and days that led to the Battle of Britain in 1940. Chain Home along with Chain Home Low provided Fighter Command with its early warning system so that fighter pilots could get airborne as early as was possible to combat incoming Luftwaffe aircraft.